First photographic evidence of the Binturong Arctictis binturong (Raffles, 1821) from Nepal

Main Article Content

Madhu Chetri
Purna Bahadur Ale
Tulasi Prasad Dahal
Karan Bahadur Shah


This is the first photographic confirmation of the occurrence of Binturong Arctictis binturong from Nepal. Although based on anecdotal reports, the species was believed to occur in the eastern Himalaya of Nepal but its exact locality and photographic evidence were not available. Hence this is the first proof for this species to be present in Nepal. 

Article Details



Austin, S.C. (2002). Ecology of sympatric carnivores in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. PhD dissertation, Texas A&M University-Kingsville and Texas A&M University, xv+153 pp.

Baral, H.S. & K.B. Shah (2008). Wild mammals of Nepal. Himalayan Nature, Kathmandu, Nepal, 188 pp.

Blanford, W.T. (1891). 57. Arctictis binturong, pp. 117–119. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. Taylor and Francis, London.

Chetri, M., M. Odden, T. McCarthy & P. Wegge (2014). First record of Steppe Polecat Mustela eversmanii in Nepal. Small Carnivore Conservation 51: 79–81.

Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill (1992). The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Natural History Museum Publications, Oxford University Press, 488 pp.

Cosson, L., L.I. Grassman, Jr. A. Zubaid, S. Vellayan, A. Tillier & G. Veron (2007). Genetic diversity of captive Binturongs (Arctictis binturong, Viverridae, Carnivora): implications for conservation. Journal of Zoology 271(4): 386–395.

Datta, A. (1999). Small carnivores in two protected areas of Arunachal Pradesh. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 96(3): 399–404.

D’Cruze, N., J. Toole, K. Mansell & J.S. Burback (2014). What is the true cost of the world’s most expensive coffee? Orxy 48(2): 170–171.

DNPWC & DFSC (2022). Status of Tigers and Prey in Nepal 2022. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and Department of Forests and Soil Conservation. Ministry of Forests and Environment, Kathmandu, Nepal, 148 pp.

Grassman Jr, L.I., M.E. Tewes & N.J. Silvy (2005). Ranging, habitat use and activity patterns of Binturong Arctictis binturong and Yellow‐throated Marten Martes flavigula in north‐central Thailand. Wildlife Biology 11(1): 49–57.[49:RHUAAP]2.0.CO;2

Jnawali, S., H. Baral, S. Lee, K. Acharya, G. Upadhyay, M. Pandey, R. Shrestha, D. Joshi, B. Lamichhane & J. Griffiths (2011). The Status of Nepal’s Mammals: The National Red List Series-IUCN. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 276 pp.

Lama, S.T., J.G. Ross, D. Bista, A.P. Sherpa, G.R. Regmi, M.K. Suwal, P. Sherpa, J. Weerman, S.S. Lama, M. Thapa, L.P. Poudyal & A.M. Paterson (2019). First photographic record of marbled cat Pardofelis marmorata Martin, 1837 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae) in Nepal. Nature Conservation 32: 19–34.

Lambert, F. (1990). Some notes on fig-eating by arboreal mammals in Malaysia. Primates 31: 453–458.

Lamichhane, B.R., R. Kadariya, N. Subedi, B.K. Dhakal, M. Dhakal, K.Thapa & K.P. Acharya (2016). Rusty-spotted Cat: 12th cat species discovered in western Terai of Nepal. CATnews 64: 30–36.

Nakabayashi, M. & A.H. Ahmad (2018). Short-term movements and strong dependence on figs of binturongs (Arctictis binturong) in Bornean rainforests. European Journal of Wildlife Research 64(6): 1–5.

Nettelbeck, A.R. (1998). Encounters between Lar Gibbons (Hylobates lar) and Binturongs (Arctictis binturong). Folia Primatologica 69(6): 392–396.

Prater, S.H. (1971). The book of Indian Animals (with 28 Colour Plates by Paul Barruel). Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, India, 324 pp.

Pocock, R.I. (1939). Genus Arctictis Temminck, pp. 431–439. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. Mammalia. – Volume 1. Taylor and Francis, London.

Raffles, T.S. (1822). “XVII. Descriptive Catalogue of a Zoological Collection, made on account of the Honourable East India Company, in the Island of Sumatra and its Vicinity, under the Direction of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Lieutenant-Governor of Fort Marlborough, with additional Notices illustrative of the Natural History of those Countries”. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. XIII: 239–274.

Schreiber, A., R. Wirth, M. Riffel, H. Van Rompaey & IUCN/SSC Mustelid and Viverrid Specialist Group (1989). Weasels, civets, mongooses, and their relatives: an action plan for the conservation of mustelids and viverrids. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 106 pp.

Shrestha, B., S. Ale, R. Jackson, N. thapa, L.P. Gurung, S. Adhikari, L. Dangol, B. Basnet, N. Subedi & M. Dhakal (2014). Nepal’s first Pallas’s Cat. CATnews 60: 23–24.

Subba, S.A., S. Malla, M. Dhakal, B.B. Thapa, L.B. Bhandari, K. Ojha, P. Bajracharya & G. Gurung (2014). Ruddy Mongoose Herpestes smithii: a new species for Nepal. Small Carnivore Conservation 51: 88–89.

van Schaik, C.P. & M. Griffiths (1996). Activity periods of Indonesian rain forest mammals. Biotropica 28(1): 105–112.

Willcox, D.H.A., W. Chutipong, T.N.E. Gray, S. Cheyne, G. Semiadi, H. Rahman, C.N.Z. Coudrat, A. Jennings, Y. Ghimirey, J. Ross, G. Fredriksson & A. Tilker (2016). Arctictis binturong. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T41690A45217088. Accessed on 04 August 2022.

Most read articles by the same author(s)