Notes on the hairstreak butterflies Euaspa Moore, 1884 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) with new distribution records to the Indian eastern Himalaya

Main Article Content

Gaurab Nandi Das
Subrata Gayen
Motoki Saito
Kailash Chandra


The genus Euaspa Moore, 1884 (Lycaenidae: Theclinae: Theclini) of Zephyrus Hairstreak butterflies is represented by 14 species worldwide.  Among these, four species were recorded from the Indian mainland.  In this paper, E. motokii Koiwaya, 2002, previously known only from the Kachin State of Myanmar, is reported for the first time from Arunachal Pradesh in India.  Also, E. mikamii Koiwaya, 2002 is recorded for the second time from India since the collection of the holotype in 1991 from the eastern Himalaya. 

Article Details

Author Biography

Gaurab Nandi Das, Zoological Survey of India, Prani Vigyan Bhawan, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata, West Bengal 700053, India.

Wildlife Biology


Borang, A., B.B. Bhatt, M. Tamuk, A. Borkotoki & J. Kalita (2008). Butterflies of Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve of Arunachal Pradesh, eastern Himalaya, India. Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 24(1&2): 41–53.

de Nicéville, C.L.A. (1890). The Butterflies of India, Bumah and Ceylon, Vol. III (Lycaenidae). Calcutta Central Press, Calcutta, 503pp.

Evans, W.H. (1912). Lepidoptera collected on the Abor expedition. Records of Indian Museum 8(1–3): 61–65.

Gogoi, M.J. (2012). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Dibang Valley, Mishmi Hills, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(12): 3137–3160.

Gupta, I.J. & J.P.N. Shukla (1988). Butterflies of Arunachal Pradesh and adjoining areas. Records of Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 109: 115.

Horsfield, T. & F. Moore (1857). A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company (Vol. 1). WH Allen and Co..278pp

Hewitson, W.C. (1869). Illustrations of Diurnal Lepidoptera. Lycaenidae III. John Van Voorst, London, (supplement), 16pp.

Huang, H. (2016). New or little known butterflies from China - 2 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Nymphalidae, Lycaenidae et Hesperiidae). Atalanta 47: 161–173.

Koiwaya, S. (2002). Descriptions of five new species and a new subspecies of Theclini (Lycaenidae) from China, Myanmar and India. Gekkan-Mushi 377: 2–8.

Koiwaya, S. (2007). The Zephyrus Hairstreaks of the World. Mushi-Sha, Tokyo, Japan, 300pp.

Koiwaya, S. (2014). Descriptions of two new species and three new subspecies of Theclini (Lycaenidae) from western and northern China. Gekkan-Mushi 521: 21–30.

Moore, F. (1884). Descriptions of some new Asiatic diurnal Lepidoptera; chiefly from specimens contained in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 53(1): 16–52.

Radhakrishnan, C. (1988). On a collection of butterflies from Tipi, West Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Forest News 6(2): 45–51.

Saito, M. (2017). Notes on some Theclini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) chiefly from the Himalayas (Part 1). Butterflies 76: 31–35.

Shirôzu, T. & H. Yamamoto (1956). A generic revision and phylogeny of the tribe Theclini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Sieboldia 1: 329–421.

Sidhu, A.K. (2007). Notes on the genus Euaspa Moore (Papilionoidea: Lycaenidae: Theclinae) from north-west India. Records of Zoological Survey of India 107(2): 45–50.

Singh, A.P. (2015). Rare and interesting butterfly (Lepidoptera) records from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 112(3): 138–164.

Singh, A.P. & D.J. Das (2016). Butterfly Atlas of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Rain Forest Research Institute, Jorhat, 463pp.

Singh, A.P. (2017). Butterflies associated with major forest types in Arunachal Pradesh (eastern Himalaya), India: implications for ecotourism and conservation planning. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(4): 10047–10075.

Sondhi, S. & K. Kunte (2014). Butterflies and Moths of Pakke Tiger Reserve. Title Trust, Dehradun & Indian Foundation for Butterflies, Bengaluru, vi+202pp.

Sondhi, S. & K. Kunte (2016). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of the Kameng Protected Area Complex, western Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(8): 9053–9124.

South, R. (1913). A list of butterflies collected by Capt. F.M. Bailey in Western China, south-eastern Tibet and the Mishmi Hills, 1911. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 22(2): 345–365.

Varshney, R.K. & J.P. Shukla (1988). Studies on the butterflies of Arunachal Pradesh and adjoining areas (Lepidoptera: Acraeidae, Satyridae, Nymphalidae, Riodinidae and Lycaenidae). Records of Zoological Survey India, Occasional Paper 109: 1–117.

Varshney, R.K. & P. Smetacek (eds.) (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal and Indinov Publishing, New Delhi, 261pp.

Zhuang, H., M. Yago, J. Settele, X. Li, R. Ueshima, N.V. Grishin & M. Wang (2018). Species richness of Eurasian zephyrus hairstreaks (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclini) with implications on historical biogeography: an NDM/VNDM approach. PLoS ONE 13(1): e0191049.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>