Camera trapping the Palawan Pangolin Manis culionensis (Mammalia: Pholidota: Manidae) in the wild

Main Article Content

Paris N. Marler


The Palawan Pangolin Manis culionensis is restricted to the Palawan faunal region in the Philippines.  The species’ distribution and natural history are poorly known due, in part, to it only recently being recognized as a distinct species.  Pangolin species around the world are threatened due to habitat loss and the illegal wildlife trade.  Understanding the conservation requirements of the Palawan Pangolin will inform efforts to avert its extinction.  Presently, information on the status, distribution, and natural history of pangolins is largely derived from interviews with local people, radio-telemetry, transect surveys for pangolin sign, and camera trapping.  Here we test the ability of fish oil- and pig blood-baited camera traps to document the presence of Palawan Pangolin.  We obtained three photos at two localities in Palawan in mangrove, lowland forest, and riverine forest. 


Article Details

Short Communications
Author Biography

Paris N. Marler, Centre for Sustainability, Barangay Sta. Lucia, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines

Research Associate


Akpona, H.A., C.A.M.S. Djagoun, & B. Sinsin (2008). Ecology and ethnozoology of the three-cusped pangolin Manis tricuspis (Mammalia, Pholidota) in the Lama Forest Reserve, Benin. Mammalia 72: 198-202;

Ancrenaz, M., A.J. Hearn, J. Ross, R. Sollmann, & A. Wilting (2012). Handbook for Wildlife Monitoring using Camera Traps. BBEC II Secretariat, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, 71pp.

Challender, D. (2008). Asian pangolins: How behavioural research can contribute to their conservation. Proceedings of the Workshop on Trade and Conservation of Pangolins Native to South and Southeast Asia, 30 June–2 July. TRAFFIC Southeast Asia, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia, pp 237. 95-102.

Challender, D.W.S. (2011). Asian pangolins: Increasing affluence driving hunting pressure. TRAFFIC Bulletin 23(3): 92-93.

CITES (2016). Consideration of proposals for amendment of appendices I and II, CoP17 Prop. 10. Seventeenth meeting of the Conerence of the Parties, 24 September–5 October 2016. CITES, Johannesburg, South Africa. 1-13.

Esselstyn, J.A., P. Widmann, & L.R. Heaney (2004). The mammals of Palawan Island, Philippines. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 117(3): 271-302.

Gaubert, P. & A. Antunes (2005). Assessing the taxonomic status of the palawan pangolin Manis culionensis (Pholidota) using discrete morphological characters. Journal of Mammalogy 86(6): 1068-1074;[1068:ATTSOT]2.0.CO;2

Gerber, B., S.M. Karpanty, C. Crawford, M. Kotschwar, & J. Randrianantenaina (2010). An assessment of carnivore relative abundance and density in the eastern rainforests of Madagascar using remotely-triggered camera traps. Oryx 44(2): 219-222;

Gerber, B.D., S.M. Karpanty, & M. J. Kelly (2011). Evaluating the potential biases in carnivore capture-recapture studies associated with the use of lure and varying density estimation techniques using photographic-sampling data of the Malagasy civet. Population Ecology 54: 43-54;

Gerber, B.D., S.M. Karpanty, & J. Randrianantenaina (2012). The impact of forest logging and fragmentation on carnivore species composition, density and occupancy in Madagascar’s rainforests. Oryx 46(3): 414-422;

Giman, B., R. Stuebing, and N. Megum (2007). A camera trapping inventory for mammals in a mixed use planted forest in Sarawak. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55(1): 209-215.

Heaney, L.R., D.S. Balete M.L. Dolar, A.C. Alcala, A.T.L. Dans, P.C. Gonzales, et al. (1998). A synopsis of the mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands. Fieldian. Zoology 88: 1-61.

Lagrada, L., Schoppe, S. & Challender, D (2014). Manis culionensis. In: IUCN 2014. 2014 Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 7 March 2016: e.T136497A45223365.

Lim, N. T., & Ng, P. K. (2007). Home range, activity cycle and natal den usage of a female Sunda Pangolin Manis javanica (Mammalia: Pholidota) in Singapore. Endangered Species Research 3: 1-8;

Meek, P.D. Ballard, G. & Fleming P (2012). An introduction to camera trapping for wildlife surveys in Australia. PestSmart Toolkit Publication, Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra, Australia, 95pp.

Newton, P., Thai, N. V., Roberton, S., & Bell, D. (2008). Pangolins in peril: using local hunters’ knowledge to conserve elusive species in Vietnam. Endangered Species Research 6(1), 41-53;

O’Brien, T.G., M.F. Kinnaird, & H.T. Wibisono (2003). Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran Tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape. Animal Conservation 6: 131-139;

Piper, P.J., J. Ochoa, E.C. Robles, H. Lewis, and V. Paz (2011). Paleozoology of Palawan Island, Philippines. Quaternary International 223:142-158;

Schoppe, S. and R. Cruz (Katala Foundation Inc.) (2009). The Palawan Pangolin Manis culionensis. Proceedings of the Workshop on Trade and Conservation of Pangolins Native to South and Southeast Asia, 30 June–2 July. TRAFFIC Southeast Asia, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia, pp 237. 176-188.

Thorn, M. Scott, D.M., Green, M., Bateman, P.W., & Cameron, E.Z (2009). Estimating Brown Hyena occupancy using baited camera traps. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 39(1): 1-10.

Trolle, M. & M. Kery (2003). Estimation of Ocelot density in the Pantanal using capture-recapture analysis of camera-trapping data. Journal of Mammalogy 84(2): 607-614.

Most read articles by the same author(s)