Main Article Content
The odonate diversity of Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, southern Western Ghats (WG) of Kerala state, is discussed in this paper. A total of 181 species belonging to 87 genera and 14 families have been compiled for Kerala and this includes 68 Western Ghats endemics. A total of 116 species of odonates including 33 endemics were recorded for the region. A total of 41 damselflies (Zygoptera) and 75 dragonflies (Anisoptera) were recorded for the sanctuary. Shendurney thus harbours 56.04 % of WG and 64.08 % of the odonate diversity of Kerala. In addition, this includes 48.52% of Kerala and 41.25 % of endemic odonates of Western Ghats. About 29% of all the species recorded for the Shendurney are endemic to WG. With respect to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, one species is ‘Endangered’, three ‘Vulnerable’, two ‘Near Threatened’, 84 ‘Least Concern’, 20 ‘Data Deficient’, and six species whose IUCN Red List status was not assessed. Family Libellulidae (41 species) dominated the odonate diversity, followed by Coenagrionidae (15 species) and Gomphidae (13 species). Regarding the occurrence status, we found that 11 species were Very Common, 42 species were found to be Common, 34 species Not Rare, 10 species were Rare, and 19 species were Very Rare inside the sanctuary. None of the species listed is protected under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27184.108.40.20653-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Adarsh, C.K., R. Arunraj & P.O. Nameer (2015). Odonata (Insecta) diversity of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, The Southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(2): 6910–6919. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3771.6010-19
Chandrashekaran, C. (1962). Forest types of Kerala State, Indian Forester 88: 660–847.
Emiliyamma, K.G & C. Radhakrishnan (2000). Odonata (Insecta) of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 98(1): 157–167.
Emiliyamma, K.G & C. Radhakrishnan (2014). Additional records of Odonata (Insecta) from Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 114(3): 365–369.
Fraser, F.C. (1933). Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata, Vol I. Taylor & Francis group, London, 436 pp.
Fraser, F.C. (1934). Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata, Vol II. Taylor & Francis group, London, 442 pp.
Fraser, F.C. (1936). Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata, Vol III. Taylor & Francis group, London, 461 pp.
Gnanakumar, M., B.R. Ansil, P.O. Nameer & S. Das (2012). Checklist of odonates of Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary. Malabar Trogon 10(1 & 2): 5–8.
IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-1. https://www.iucnredlist.org Downloaded on 03 June 2021.
Kalkman, V.J., R. Babu, M. Bedjanic, K.Coniff, T. Gyeltshen, M.K. Khan, K.A. Subramanian, A. Zia & A.G. Orr (2020). Checklist of the dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Srilanka. Zootaxa 4849(1): 1–84. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4849.1.1.
Mathavan, S. & P.L. Miller (1989). A collection of dragonflies (Odonata) made in the Periyar National Park, Kerala, South India, in January 1988. International Odonatological Society, Bilthoven (Rapid communications, supplements), no.10, 10 pp.
Nair, S.C. (1991). The southern Western Ghats: a biodiversity conservation plan. Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage, New Delhi, 91 pp.
Nair, V.P., K.A. Samuel, M.J. Palot & K. Sadasivan (2021). The Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata) of Kerala- Status and distribution. Entomon 46(3): 185–238. https://doi.org/10.33307/entomon.v46i3.609
Mathew, G., C. Rashmi, C.M. Brijesh & R.S.M. Shamsudeen (2004). Insect fauna of Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala. Zoos’ Print Journal 19(1): 1321–1327. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.19.1.1321-7
Palot, M.J. & C.G. Kiran (2016). Dragonfly survey of Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kannur district, Kerala– A report. Malabar Trogon 14(1 –3): 44–46.
Paulson, D., M. Schorr & C. Deliry (2021). World Odonata List. https://www.pugetsound.edu/academics/academicresources/slater–museum/ biodiversity – resources/dragonflies/world odonata–list2/ (accessed 2 June, 2021)
Rao, K.R. & A.R. Lahiri (1982). First records of Odonata (Arthropoda: Insecta) from Silent Valley and New Amarambalam reserve forests. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 79: 557–562.
Sadasivan, K., R. Iyer & K. Jayakumar (2021). Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Annual Faunal Survey report 2021, submitted to Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala Forests, and Wildlife Department, 73 pp.
Subramanian, K.N. (1995). Flora of Thenmala (& its Environs). International Book Distributors, 516 pp.
Subramanian, K.A. & R. Babu (2017). A checklist of Odonata (Insecta) of India, Version 3.0. pp 1–51. www.zsi.gov.in (accessed 2 Dec. 2020)
Subramanian, K.A., K.G. Emiliyamma, R. Babu, C. Radhakrishnan & S.S. Talmale (2018). Atlas of Odonata (Insecta) of Western Ghats, India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 417 pp.
Varghese, A.P., P.R. Nikesh & J. Mathew (2014). Odonata (Insecta) diversity of Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary and its adjacent areas in Thattekkad, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(6): 5887–5893. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3395.5887-93