CEPF Western Ghats Special Series : Streamside amphibian communities in plantations and a rainforest fragment in the Anamalai hills, India

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R. Murali
T.R.S. Raman


Stream amphibian communities, occupying a sensitive environment, are often useful indicators of effects of adjoining land uses. We compared abundance and community composition of anuran amphibians along streams in tea monoculture, shade coffee plantation, and a rainforest fragment in Old Valparai area of the Anamalai hills. Overall species density and rarefaction species richness was the highest in rainforest fragment and did not vary between the coffee and tea land uses. Densities of certain taxa, and consequently community composition, varied significantly among the land uses, being greater between rainforest fragment and tea monoculture with shade coffee being intermediate. Observed changes are probably related to streamside alteration due to land use, suggesting the need to retain shade tree cover and remnant riparian rainforest vegetation as buffers along streams.

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Author Biographies

R. Murali

Ranjini Murali worked as a Research Affiliate on this project and currently works as the Conservation Coordinator in the High Altitude Programme of the Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF).

T.R.S. Raman

T.R. Shankar Raman is a Senior Scientist with NCF working on rainforest restoration and conservation in the Western Ghats.