Main Article Content
The Striped Hyena occurs in the Tarai and midhill regions of Nepal, where limited information is available on species distribution. A camera trap survey was conducted in Parsa National Park in 2016 (Feb–May) and 2016–2017 (Nov–Feb) to monitor tigers at 158 locations for 21 days (6,615 trap efforts in total). This study successfully captured the 15 hyena images in 5 grids of eastern part (named as extension area) of national park. A total of 17 mammal species were captured simultaneously in hyena captured grid during the survey period. The presence of hyenas in Parsa National Park indicates the collective efforts of the government, conservation organizations and local communities in hyena conservation. A detailed ecological study of this species has been recommended for designing hyena conservation plan in the region.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27188.8.131.5253-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
AbiSaid, M. & S. Dloniak (2015). Hyaena hyaena. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015. 8235. Accessed on January 2022.
Adhikari, D., A. Gurung, P. Sigdel, S. Poudel, P. Regmi. & S. Basnet (2018). Striped hyaena: The recent record of road kill of Hyaena hyaena in Central Terai of Nepal. Zoo’s Print 33: 23–26.
Alam, M.S., J.A. Khan, S.P. Kushwaha, R. Agrawal, B.J. Pathak & S. Kumar (2014). Assessment of suitable habitat of near threatened Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus, 1758) using remote sensing and geographic information system. Asian Journal of Geoinformatics 14(2): 860–866.
Bhandari, S. & D.R. Bhusal (2017). Notes on human-hyena (Hyaena hyaena, Linnaeus 1751) conflict in Jajarkot, Kalikot and Mahottari districts of Nepal. Journal of Institute of Science and Technology 22: 127–131.
DNPWC & DFSC (2018). Status of Tigers and Prey in Nepal. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, and Department of Forests and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Kathmandu, Nepal, 103 pp.
Harihar, A., M. Ghosh, M. Fernandes, B. Pandav & S.P. Goyal (2010). Use of photographic capture-recapture sampling to estimate density of Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena): implications for conservation. Mammalia 74: 83–87. https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.2009.072
Inskip, C. & A. Zimmermann (2009). Human-felid conflict: a review of patterns and priorities worldwide. Oryx 43(1): 8–34. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003060530899030X
Jnawali, S., H. Baral, S. Lee, K. Acharya, G. Upadhyay, M. Pandey, R. Shrestha, D. Joshi, B. Lamichhane & J. Griffiths (2011). The Status of Nepal’s Mammals: The National Red List Series-IUCN. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal, 276 pp.
Karanth, K.U. & J.D. Nichols (2002). Monitoring tigers and their prey: A manual for wildliferesearchers, managers, and conservationists in tropical Asia, Centre for Wildlife Studies. Conservation Biology 17(6): 1852–1853. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2003.01769.x
Khorozyan, I., A. Malkhasyan & M. Murtskhvaladze (2011). The striped hyaena Hyaena hyaena (Hyaenidae, Carnivora) rediscovered in Armenia. Folia Zoologica 60(3): 253–261. https://doi.org/10.25225/fozo.v60.i3.a10.2011
Lamichhane, B.R., C.P. Pokheral, S. Poudel, D. Adhikari, S.R. Giri, S. Bhattarai, T.R. Bhatta, R. Pickles, R. Amin & K.P. Acharya (2018). Rapid recovery of tigers Panthera tigris in Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Oryx 52(1): 16–24. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605317000886
Mills, M.G.L. & H. Hofer (1998). Hyaenas. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Hyaena Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, vi+154 pp.
Neupane, A., A. Regmi, A. Tiwari, B. Sharma, A. Adhikari & B. Neupane (2021). Status, Distribution, and Threats of Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus, 1758) in Nepal: A Review. Indonesian Journal of Social and Environmental Issues 2(3): 235–241. https://doi.org/10.47540/ijsei.v2i3.337
PNP (2018). Parsa National Park and its Buffer Zone Management Plan, FY 2075/76-2079/80, xxi+218 pp.
Ripple, W.J., J.A. Estes, R.L. Beschta, C.C. Wilmers, E.G. Ritchie, M. Hebblewhite, J. Berger, B. Elmhagen, M. Letnic & M.P. Nelson (2014). Status and ecological effects of the world’s largest carnivores. Science 343(6167): 158–226. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1241484
Silver, S.C., L.E. Ostro, L.K. Marsh, L. Maffei, A.J. Noss, M.J, Kelly, R.B. Wallace, H. Gomez & G. Ayala (2004). The use of camera traps for estimating jaguar Panthera onca abundance and density using capture/recapture analysis. Oryx 38(2): 148–154. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605304000286
Singh, P., A.M. Gopalaswamy & K.U. Karanth (2010). Factors influencing densities of striped hyenas (Hyaena hyaena) in arid regions of India. Journal of Mammalogy 91(5): 1152–1159. https://doi.org/10.1644/09-MAMM-A-159.1
Singh, R., Q. Qureshi, K. Sankar, P.R. Krausman, S.P. Goyal & K.L. Nicholson (2014). Population density of striped hyenas in relation to habitat in a semi-arid landscape, western India. Acta Theriologica 59: 521–527. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-014-0187-8
Thapa, K., R. Shrestha, J. Karki, G.J. Thapa, N. Subedi, N.M.B. Pradhan, M. Dhakal, P. Khanal & M.J. Kelly (2014). Leopard Panthera pardus fusca density in the seasonally dry, subtropical forest in the Bhabhar of Terai Arc, Nepal. Advances in Ecology 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/286949
Tourani, M., E.M. Moqanaki & B.H. Kiabi (2012). Vulnerability of striped hyaenas, Hyaena hyaena, in a human-dominated landscape of Central Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 56(1): 133–136. https://doi.org/10.1080/09397140.2012.10648948
Wegge, P., C.P. Pokheral & S.R. Jnawali (2004). Effects of trapping effort and trap shyness on estimates of tiger abundance from camera trap studies. Animal Conservation Forum 7(3): 251–256. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1367943004001441
Yirga, G., E. Imam, H.H. De Iongh, H. Leirs, S. Kiros, T.G. Yohannes, M. Teferi & H. Bauer (2014). Local spotted hyena abundance and community tolerance of depredation in human-dominated landscapes in Northern Ethiopia. Mammalian Biology 79: 325–330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2014.05.002