Main Article Content
Long term monitoring of bird species was conducted in Barandabhar Corridor Forest, one of the important bird areas of Nepal (IBA). Bird species were identified by the point count method in transect surveys in two-time frames from 2002–2012 and 2015–2016 to obtain the bird species list. We compared our bird list with previously published (after 2000) checklists and compiled the updated checklist of birds of Barandabhar Corridor Forest. We documented 372 bird species belonging to 80 families in Barandabhar, including five Critically Endangered, three Endangered, eight Vulnerable, and 15 Near Threatened species. The Accipitridae family included the highest number of species (n= 32), followed by Muscicapidae (n= 30) and Anatidae (n= 18). Approximately, half of the total confirmed bird species were insectivorous. The list included 63% resident, 27% winter migratory, 7.5% summer migratory, and 2.9% passage migrant species. According to the habitat type, there were 181 species of forest, 74 species of wetland, 24 species of grassland, 70 species of open field, and 23 species of partially wetland birds. This updated checklist of bird species will serve as a reference guide for bird watchers, biodiversity researchers, and support managers for conservation effort; and can be used to track any changes in the composition of bird species in the future.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2718.104.22.16853-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Adhikari, J.N., B.P. Bhattarai & T.B. Thapa (2018). Diversity and conservation threats of water birds in and around Barandabhar corridor forest, Chitwan, Nepal. Journal of Natural History Museum 30: 164–179.
Adhikari, R., R. Karmacharya, Y. Adhikari & D.R. Sapkota (2000). The birds of Barandabhar. Bird Education Society. http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/inskipp/2000_003.pdf Electronic version accessed 21 July 2020.
Baral, H.S., U.R. Regmi, L.P. Poudyal & R. Acharya (2012). Status and conservation of birds in Nepal. Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal: A Success Story. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu.
Baral, H.S. (2009). Updated status of Nepal’s wetland birds. Banko Janakari February (special issue): 30–35. https://doi.org/10.3126/banko.v19i3.2209
Baral, H.S. & C. Inskipp (2005). Important Bird Areas in Nepal: key sites for conservation. Bird Conservation Nepal, 242pp.
Baral, H.S. & C. Inskipp (2004). The state of Nepal’s birds 2004. Kathmandu: Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Bird Conservation Nepal and IUCN Nepal.
Baral, H.S., C. Inskipp, T.P. Inskipp & U.R. Regmi (1996). Threatened birds of Nepal. BCN and DNPWC, Bird Conservation Nepal and Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, 61–90pp.
Barnosky, A.D., N. Matzke, S. Tomiya, G.O.U. Wogan, B. Swartz, T.B. Quental, C. Marshall, J.L. McGuire, E.L. Lindsey, K.C. Maguire, B. Marsey & E.A. Ferrer (2011). Has the Earth’s sixth mass extinction already arrived? Nature 471(7336): 51–57. https://doi.org.1038/nature09678
BCN (2020). Bird Conservation Nepal. https://www.birdlifenepal.org/birds/important-birds-areas. Accessed 24 September 2020.
Bhattarai, B.P. (2003). Population Status and Conservation Threats of Wild Ungulates in Barandabhar Corridor Forest, Chitwan. M.Sc. thesis. Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Bhattarai, B.P. & K. Basnet (2004). “Assessment of crop damage by wild ungulates in the eastern side of Barandabhar Corridor Forest, Chitwan.”, pp. 23–26. In: Proceedings of IV National Conference on Science and Technology.
Butchart, S.H., M. Walpole, B. Collen, A. van Strien, J.P. Scharlemann, R.E. Almond, J.E.M. Baillie, B. Bomhard, C. Brown, J. Bruno & K.E. Carpenter (2010). Global biodiversity decline continues. Science 328: 1164–1168. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1187512
CNP (2019). https://www.chitwannationalpark.gov.np/. Electric version accessed 27 July 2020
Cocker, P.M. & C. Inskipp (1988). A Himalayan ornithologist: the life and work of Brian Houghton Hodgson. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 98pp.
Dirzo, R., H.S. Young, M. Galetti, G. Ceballos, N.J. Isaac & B. Collen (2014). Defaunation in the Anthropocene. Science 345: 401–406.
DNPWC & BCN (2019). Birds of Nepal: An official checklist. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and Bird Conservation Kathmandu, Nepal.
Douglas, M. (2019). Why insect populations are plummeting—and why it matters. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/02/why-insect-populations-are-plummeting-and-why-it-matters/. Electronic version accessed 21 July 2020.
Fleming, R.L. Sr, R.L. Jr. Fleming & L.S. Bangdel (1976) Birds of Nepal. Flemings, Kathmandu, 349pp.
Grimmett, R., C. Inskipp, T. Inskipp & H.S. Baral (2016). Birds of Nepal. 1st Edition. Bloomsbury Publishing, 386pp.
Hallmann, C.A., M. Sorg, E. Jongejans, H. Siepel, N. Hofland, H. Schwan, W. Stenmans, A. Muller, H. Sumser, T. Hörren, D. Goulson & H. da Kroon (2017). More than 75 percent decline over 27 years in total flying insect biomass in protected areas. PloS One 12: e0185809. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185809
India Biodiversity Portal (2020). https://indiabiodiversity.org. Accessed 19 July 2020.
Inskipp, C., H.S. Baral, T. Inskipp, A.P. Khatiwada, M.P. Khatiwada, L.P. Poudyal & R. Amin (2017). Nepal’ s National Red List of Birds. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(1): 9700–9722. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2822.214.171.12400-9722
Inskipp, C., H.S. Baral, T. Inskipp & A. Stattersfield (2013). The state of Nepal birds 2010. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(1): 3473–3503. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3276.933
Inskipp, T. & C. Inskipp ( 2012). Bibliography of birds of Nepal. Published on http://www.himalayannature.org/uploads/Nepal%20bibliography_17Feb.2012.pdf. Accessed 21 July 2020.
Inskipp, C. & T. Inskipp (1991). A guide to the birds of Nepal. Second edition. Christopher Helm, London, UK. http://archive.org/details/guidetobirdsofne85insk. Accessed 21 July 2020.
Inskipp, C. & T. Inskipp (1985). A Guide to the Birds of Nepal. London, UK.
IUCN (2020). www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed on 20 June 2020.
Kathmmandu Post (2019). Migratory Great White Pelican spotted in Chitwan. https://kathmandupost.com/national/2017/04/21/migratory-great-white-pelican-spotted-in-chitwan. Electronic version accessed 21 July 2020
Lamichhane, S., A. Gurung, C.P. Pokheral, T. Rayamajhi, P. Gotame, P.R. Regmi & B.R. Lamichhane (2018). First record of the Dhole Cuon alpinus (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) in Barandabhar Corridor Forest, Chitwan, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(1): 11243–11244. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.35126.96.36.19943-11244
NTNC (2003). Ecological assessment of Barandabhar Corridor Forest. Final Report. National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC), Biodiversity Conservation Center, Tiger, Rhino Conservation Project, Sauraha, Chitwan, Nepal.
Oaks, J.L., M. Gilbert, M.Z. Virani, R.T. Watson, C.U. Meteyer, B.A. Rideout, H.L. Shivaprasad, S. Ahmed, M.J.I Chaudhry, M. Arshad & S. Mahmood (2004). Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan. Nature 427(6975): 630–633.
Padoa-Schioppa, E., M. Baietto, R. Massa & L. Bottoni (2006). Bird communities as bioindicators: The focal species concept in agricultural landscapes. Ecological Indicators 6: 83–93.
Petty, S.J. & M.I. Avery (1990). Forest Bird Communities. Occasional Papers 26. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.
Pimm, S.L., C.N. Jenkins, R. Abell, T.M. Brooks, J.L. Gittleman, L.N. Joppa, P.H. Raven, C.M. Roberts & J.O. Sexton (2014). The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. Science 344(6187): 124672. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1246752
Rosenberg, K.V., A.M. Dokter, P.J. Blancher, J.R. Sauer, A.C. Smith, P.A. Smith, J.C. Stanton, A. Punjabi, L. Helft, M. Parr & P.P. Marra (2019). Decline of the North American avifauna. Science 366: 120–124.
Schrauth, F.E. & M. Wink (2018). Changes in species composition of birds and declining number of breeding territories over 40 years in a nature conservation area in Southwest Germany. Diversity 10: 97.
Swan, G.E., R. Cuthbert, M. Quevedo, R.E. Green, D.J. Pain, P. Bartels, A.A. Cunningham, N. Duncan, A.A. Meharg,
J.L. Oaks, J. Parry-Jones, S. Shultz, M.A. Taggart, G. Verdoorn & K. Wolter (2006). Toxicity of diclofenac to Gyps vultures. Biology Letters 2(2): 279–282. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2005.0425
Swarup, D., R.C. Patra, V. Prakash, R. Cuthbert, D. Das, P. Avari, D.J. Pain, R.E. Green, A.K. Sharma, M. Saini, D. Das & M. Taggart (2007). Safety of meloxicam to critically endangered Gyps vultures and other scavenging birds in India. Animal Conservation 10: 192–198.
Thapa, I. (2009). An Overview of Vulture Conservation in Nepal. The Initiation 3: 114–118.