Main Article Content
The complexity of estuaries allows for the establishment of diverse communities composed of species with different survival strategies. The vertical migration of animals in the sediment is linked to competition, escape from predators and adaptations to diurnal physio-chemical changes related to variations in water levels. The present study aimed to evaluate niche overlap and amplitude, as well as the composition and structure, of communities of polychaetes and molluscs between sediment aliquots during the day and at night. Data sampling was performed in the Tubarão River estuary. The highest individual occurrence was registered during the diurnal period. Communities of polychaetes varied significantly between sediment aliquots during the day and at night, while molluscs did not show diurnal variation. Niche overlap results for polychaetes showed higher values between aliquots during the night, while molluscs showed greater overlap during the day. This indicates that polychaetes and molluscs have different mechanisms of coexistence. This may be related to different attributes of species allowing for the division of resources among individuals. Examination of niche overlap provides insights into coexistence of mechanisms within benthic macroinvertebrate communities.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2718.104.22.16853-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Anderson, M.J., R.N. Gorley & K.R. Clarke (2008). PERMANOVA for PRIMER: guide to software and statistical methods. PRIMER–E Ltd., Plymouth, United Kingdom.
Amaral, A.C.Z. & E.F. Nonato (1996). Annelida Polychaeta: características, glossário e chaves para famílias e gêneros da costa brasileira. Editora da Unicamp, Campinas.
Amaral, A.C.Z., S.A.H. Nallin & T.M. Steiner (2006). Catálogo das espécies dos Annelida Polychaeta do Brasil. http://www.ib.unicamp.br/destaques/biota/bentos_marinho/prod_cien/texto_poli.pdf. Electronic version accessed 20 July 2018.
Boehs, G., T.M. Absher & A.C. Cruz-Kaled (2008). Ecologia populacional de Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin, 1791) (Bivalvia: Veneridae) na Baía de Paranaguá, Paraná, Brasil. Inst. Bras. Pesca, São Paulo 34: 259–270.
Cardoso, I., J.P. Granadeiro-Cabral & H. Cabral (2010). Benthic macroinvertebrates’ vertical distribution in the Tagus estuary (Portugal): The influence of tidal cycle. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 86: 580–586.
Clarke, K.R. & R.N. Gorley (2006). PRIMER v6: User Manual/Tutorial. PRIMER-E, Plymouth.
Cruz-Motta, J.J. (2005). Diel and tidal variations of benthic assemblages in sediments associated with boulder fields. Marine Ecology Progress Series 2990: 97–107.
Day Jr., J.W., Yáñez‐Arancibia, A., W.M. Kemp & B.C. Crump (2012). Introduction to estuarine ecology, pp. 327–325. In. Day J.W., B.C. Crump, W.M. Kemp & A. Yáñez-Arancibia (eds.). Estuarine Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, New Jersey, 550 pp.
Dehling, D.M. & D.B. Stouffer (2018). Bringing the Eltonian niche into functional diversity. Oikos 127: 1711–1723.
Devictor, V., J. Clavel, R. Julliard, S. Lavergne, D. Mouillot, W. Thuiller, P. Venail, S. Villéger & N. Mouquet (2010). Defining and measuring ecological specialization. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 15–25.
Dias, T.L.P., R.S. Rosa & L.C.P. Damasceno (2007). Aspectos socioeconômicos, percepção ambiental e perspectivas das mulheres marisqueiras da Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Ponta do Tubarão (Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil). Gaia Scientia 1: 25–35.
Dolbeth, M., S. Dolédec & M.A. Pardal (2015). Relationship between functional diversity and benthic secondary production in a disturbed estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series 539: 33–46.
Dyer, T.G.J. (1979). Rain fall along the east coast of Southern Africa, the southern oscillation, and the latitude of subtropical high pressure belt. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 105(444): 445–451.
Esselink, P. & L. Zwarts (1989). Seasonal trend in burrow depth and tidal variation in feeding activity of Nereis diversicolor. Marine Ecology Progress Series 56: 243–254.
Estlander S., J. Horppila, M. Olin & L. Nurminen (2017). Should I stay or should I go? The diurnal behavior of plant-attached zooplankton in lake with different water transparency. Journal of Limnology 76(2): 253–260.
Elliot, M. & D.S. Mclusky (2002). The need for definitions in understanding estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55(6): 815–827.
Fauchald, K & P.A. Jumars (1979). The diet of worms: a study of polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 17: 193–284.
Giangrande, A. & S. Fraschetti (1993). Life Cycle, Growth and Secondary Production in a Brackish-Water Population of the Polychaete Notomastuslatericeus (Capitellidae) in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology 14: 313–327.
Gibbs, P.E. (1971). A Comparative Study of Reproductive Cycles in Four Polychaete Species Belonging to the Family Cirratulidae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 51: 745–769.
Goeij, P., P.C. Luttikhuizen, J.V. der Meer & T. Piersma (2001). Facilitation on an intertidal mudflat: the effect of siphon nipping by flatfish on burying depth of the bivalve Macomabalthica. Oecologia 126: 500–506.
Sagrario, M.D.L.A.G. & E. Balseiro (2010). The role of macroinvertebrates and fish in regulating the provision by macrophytes of refugia for zooplankton in a warm temperate shallow lake. Freshwater Biology 55(10): 2153–2166.
Hutchison, G.E. (1957). Concluding remarks. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium. Quantitative Biology 22: 415–427.
Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia – INMET (2010). Brasília. www.inmet.gov.br. Eletronic version acessed 20 September 2017.
Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia – INMET (2017). Brasília. www.inmet.gov.br. Eletronic version acessed 18 October 2017.
Kaiser, M.J., M. Attrill, S. Jennings, D.N. Thomas, D.K.A. Barnes, A.S. Brierley, J.G. Hiddink, H. Kaartokallio, N.V.C. Polunin & D.G. Raffaelli (2005). Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems, and Impacts. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 608 pp.
Kennish, M.J. (2002). Environmental threats and environmental future of estuaries. Environmental Conservation 29(1): 78–107.
Kneitel J.M. & J.M. Chase (2004). Trade-offs in community ecology: linking spatial scales and species coexistence. Ecology Letters 7: 69–80.
Kraft, N.B., P.B. Adler, O. Godoy, E.C. James, S. Fuller & J.M. Levine (2015). Community assembly, coexistence and the environmental filtering metaphor. Functional Ecology 29: 592–599.
Krebs, C.J. (1989). Ecological Methodology. Harper & Row, Nova Iorque, 654 pp.
Linden, P.V.D., A. Marchini, C.J. Smith, M. Dolbeth, L.R.L. Simone, J.C. Marques, J. Molozzi, C.R. Medeiros & J. Patrício (2017). Functional changes in polychaete and mollusc communities in two tropical estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 187: 62–73.
Medeiros, C.R.F., A.K. da S. Costa, C.S. da S. Lima, J.M. Oliveira, M.M.C. Júnior, M.R.A. da Silva, R.S.D. Gouveia, J.I.M. de Melo, T.L.P. Dias & J. Molozzi (2016). Environmental drivers of the benthic macroinvertebrates community in a hypersaline estuary (Northeastern Brazil). Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 28: e4.
Mikkelsen P.M. & R. Bieler (2008). Sea shells of Southern Florida: Living marine mollusks of the Florida Keys and adjacent regions. Bivalves. Princeton Univ. Press.
Muniz, P. & A.M.S. Pires (1999). Trophic structure of polychaetes in São Sebastião Channel (southern Brazil). Marine Biology, 134:517-528.
Nunes, M., J.P. Coelho, P.G. Cardoso, M.E. Pereira, A.C. Duarte & M.A. Pardal (2008). The macrobenthic community along a mercury contamination in a temperate estuarine system (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal). Science of the Total Environment 405: 186–194.
Officer, C.B. & D.R. Lynch (1981). Dynamics of mixing in estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 12: 525–533.
Pearson, T.H. & R. Rosenberg (1978). Macro benthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 16: 229–311.
Poole, W.C. & K.W. Stewart (1976). The vertical distribution of macrobenthos within the substratum of Brazos River, Texas. Hydrobiologia 50(2): 151–160.
Persson, A. & J.M. Svensson (2006). Vertical distribution of benthic community response to fish predators, and effects on algae and suspended material. Aquatic Ecology 40: 85–95.
Pielou, E.C. (1966). Species-diversity and pattern-diversity in the study of ecological succession. Journal of Theoretical Biology 10: 370–383.
Potter, I.C., B.M. Chuwen, S.D. Hoeksema & M. Elliot (2010). The concept of an estuary: A definition that incorporates systems which can be come closed to the ocean and hypersaline. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 87: 497–500.
Queiroz, R.N.M. & T.L.P. Dias (2014). Molluscs associated with the macroalgae of the genus Gracilaria (Rhodophyta): importance of algal fronds as microhabitat in a hypersaline mangrove in northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 74(3): 52–63.
R Development Core Team (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/.
Rios, E.C. (2009). Compendium of Brazilian Sea Shells. Rio Grande: Editora Evangraf.
Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn & E.F. Garcia (2009). Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, pp. 579–699. In: Felder, D.L. & D.K. Camp (ed.). Gulf of Mexico-Origins, Waters, and Biota Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, Texas.
Sales, N.S., T.L.P. Dias, A. Baeta & A.L.M. Pessanha (2016). Dependence of juvenile reef fishes on semi-arid hypersaline estuary microhabitats as nurseries. Journal of Fish Biology 89(1): 661–679.
Sánchez-Hernández, J., R. Vieira-Lanero, M.J. Servia & F. Cobo (2011). Feeding habits of four sympatric fish species in the Iberian Peninsula: keys to understanding coexistence using prey traits. Hydrobiologia 667(1): 119–132.
Shannon, C.E. & W. Weaver (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.
Silva-Camacho, D.S., R. de S. Gomes, J.N.S. Santos & F.G. Araújo (2017). Distribution of benthic fauna in sediment grains and prop roots of a mangrove channel in south-eastern Brazil. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 97(2): 377–385.
Taylor, J.D. & E.A. Glover (2006). Lucinidae (Bivalvia) – the most diverse group of chemosymbiotic molluscs. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148(3): 421–438.
Tunnell, J.W., J. Andrews & N.C. Barrera (2010). Encyclopedia of Texas Seashells: Identification, Ecology, Distribution and History. Texas A&M University Press.
Tweedley, J.R., R.M. Warwick, F.J. Valesini, M.E. Platell & I.C. Potter (2012). The use of benthic macroinvertebrates to establish a benchmark for evaluating the environmental quality of microtidal, temperate southern hemisphere estuaries. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64(6): 1210–1221.
Vasconcelos, R.P., P. Reis-Santos, V. Fonseca, A. Maia, M. Ruano, S. França, C. Vinagre, M.J. Costa & H. Cabral (2007). Assessing anthropogenic pressures on estuarine fish nurseries along the Portuguese coast: a multi-metric index and conceptual approach. Science of the Total Environment 374(2–3): 199–215.
Violle, C., ML. Nava, D. Vile, E. Kazakou, C. Fortunel, I. Hummel & E. Garnier (2007). Let the concept of trait be functional. Oikos 116: 882–892.
Wildsmith, M.D., T.H. Rose, I.C. Potter, R.M. Warwick & K.R. Clarke (2011). Benthic macroinvertebrates as indicators of environmental deterioration in a large microtidal estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62(3): 525–538.
Yannicelli, B., R. Palacios & L. Gimenez (2001). Activity rhythms of two cirolanid isopods from an exposed microtidal sandy beach in Uruguay. Marine Biology 138(1): 187–197.