Herpetofauna of Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal

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Yam Bahadur Rawat
Santosh Bhattarai
Laxman Prasad Poudyal
Naresh Subedi


We present 71 herpetofauna species in Shuklaphanta National Park (ShNP) and its buffer zone based on field surveys, rescue records, photo, and literature records.  The list comprises 15 currently known species of amphibians and 56 species of reptiles.  We recorded Laudanka Vine Snake Ahaetulla laudankia  as a new species record for Nepal.  Likewise, four frog species, namely, Uperodon globulossus, Polypedates taeniatus, Hoplobatrachus crassus, and Minervarya peirrei; and one skink, Sphaenomorphus maculatus; one agamid, Laudakia tuberculata; one turtle, Pangshura tentoria circumdata; and 10 snakes, Eryx conicus, E. johnii, Coelognathus helena, C. radiatus, Chrysopelea ornata, Dendrelaphis tristis, Lycodon striatus, Oligodon arnensis, Psammophis cf condanarus, and Ophiophagus hannah are new records for ShNP.  Unregulated and illegal collection, road mortality, intentional killing are the observed threats to the herpetofauna.  Our aim of this study is to compile species richness and advocate for more rigorous inventories in future providing updated information of herpetofauna of ShNP. 


Article Details

Author Biographies

Yam Bahadur Rawat, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Shuklaphanta National Park, Kanchanpur, Nepal.

Yam Bahadur Rawat is a Ranger based in Shuklaphanta National Park. He is primarily responsible for anti-poaching operation in the park and is a young herpetologist. 

Laxman Prasad Poudyal, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Shuklaphanta National Park, Kanchanpur, Nepal.

Laxman Prasad Poudyal serves as chief conservation officer at Shuklaphanta National Park. He is responsible for the managemnent of Shuklaphanta National Park. He is a well known ornithologist in Nepal.

Naresh Subedi, National Trust for Nature Conservation, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, P.O.Box 3712, Nepal

Dr. Naresh Subedi is a Conservation Program Manager at NTNC's central office in Kathmandu. He is particularly interested in meta-population study of charismatic species in landscape level in Nepal. He is a focal point for conservation projects at NTNC focusing on Terai Protected Areas. His primary responsibility is to refine conservation policies and liase with funding agengies. 


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