Main Article Content
A total of 19 species of odonates, including eight species of Anisoptera (dragonflies) and 11 species of Zygoptera (damselflies), were recorded along the Tirthan River, Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (GHNPCA), Himachal Pradesh. Among these species, 17 were reported from the area for the first time. With the addition of these new records the number of odonates known from the GHNPCA is increased to 23 species representing 18 genera and eight families. Indothemis carnatica, Agriocnemis femina, and Argiocnemis rubescens are reported for the first time from the western Himalayan region. The study found a significant change in the species composition of odonates over a period of 18 years in the area, which may be due to changes in microhabitat conditions associated with climate change.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2722.214.171.12453-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Andrew, R.J., K.A. Subramaniam & A.D. Tiple (2008). Common Odonates of Central India. E-book for “The 18th International Symposium of Odonatology”, Hislop College, Nagpur, India, 50pp.
Babu, R. & H.S. Mehta (2009). Insecta: Odonata, pp. 21–28. In: Faunal Diversity of Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary. Conservation Area Series No. 41. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.
Babu, R. & A. Mitra (2011). A record of Gomphidia t-nigrum Selys from Himachal Pradesh, India (Anisoptera: Gomphidae). Notulae odonatologicae 7(8): 75–76.
Babu, R. & S. Nandy (2010). New Odonata records from Himachal Pradesh, India. Notulae odonatologicae 7(6): 55–57.
Bush, A.A., D.A. Nipperess, D.E. Duursma, G. Theischinger, E. Turak & L. Hughes (2014). Continental-scale assessment of risk to the Australian Odonata from climate change. PloS One 9(2): p.e88958. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088958
D’Amico, F., S. Darblade, S. Avignon, S. Blanc‐Manel & S.J. Ormerod (2004). Odonates as indicators of shallow lake restoration by liming: comparing adult and larval responses. Restoration Ecology 12(3): 439–446. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1061-2971.2004.00319.x
de Oliveira‐Junior, J.M.B., Y. Shimano, T.A. Gardner, R.M. Hughes, P. de Marco Júnior & L. Juen (2015). Neotropical dragonflies (Insecta: Odonata) as indicators of ecological condition of small streams in the eastern Amazon. Austral Ecology 40(6): 733–744. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12242
Flenner, I.D.A. & G. Sahlén (2008). Dragonfly community re‐organisation in boreal forest lakes: rapid species turnover driven by climate change? Insect Conservation and Diversity 1(3): 169–179. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2008.00020.x
Giugliano, L., S. Hardersen & G. Santini (2012). Odonata communities in retrodunal ponds: a comparison of sampling methods. International Journal of Odonatology 15(1): 13–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/13887890.2012.660403
Hassall, C. & D.J. Thompson (2008). The effects of environmental warming on Odonata: a review. International Journal of Odonatology 11(2): 31–153. https://doi.org/10.1080/13887890.2008.9748319
Hassall, C. (2015). Odonata as candidate macroecological barometers for global climate change. Freshwater Science 34(3): 1040–1049. https://doi.org/10.1086/682210
Jaeschke, A., T. Bittner, B. Reineking & C. Beierkuhnlein (2013). Can they keep up with climate change?–Integrating specific dispersal abilities of protected Odonata in species distribution modelling. Insect Conservation and Diversity 6(1): 93–103. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2012.00194.x
Joshi, S., P. Dawn, P. Roy & K. Kunte (eds.) (2019). Odonata of India, v. 1.48. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. https://www.indianodonata.org/ Accession Date: 02/06/2019
Júnior, C.D.S.M., L. Juen & N. Hamada (2015). Analysis of urban impacts on aquatic habitats in the central Amazon basin: adult odonates as bioindicators of environmental quality. Ecological Indicators 48: 303–311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.08.021
Kalkman, V.J., V. Clausnitzer, K.D.B. Dijkstra, A.G. Orr, D.R. Paulson & J. van Tol (2008). Global diversity of dragonflies (Odonata) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595: 351–363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9029-x
Kalkman V.J., R. Babu, M. Bedjanič, K. Conniff, T. Gyeltshen, M.K. Khan, K.A. Subramanian, A. Zia & A.G. Orr (2020). Checklist of the dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4849(1): 001–084. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4849.1.1
Kumar, A. (1982). An annotated list of Odonata of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Physical and Natural Sciences 2(A): 55–59.
Kumar, A. (2000). Odonata, pp. 45–53. In: Fauna of Renuka Wetland (Western Himalaya: Himachal Pradesh). Wetland Ecosystem Series No. 2. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.
Kumar, M., H. Singh, R. Pandey, M.P. Singh, N.H. Ravindranath & N. Kalra (2019). Assessing vulnerability of forest ecosystem in the Indian Western Himalayan region using trends of net primary productivity. Biodiversity and Conservation 28(8–9): 2163–2182. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1663-2
Kutcher, T.E. & J.T. Bried (2014). Adult Odonata conservatism as an indicator of freshwater wetland condition. Ecological Indicators 38: 31–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.10.028
Nair, M.V. (2011). Dragonflies & Damselflies of Orissa and Eastern India. Wildlife Organisation, Forest & Environment Department, Government of Orissa, 252pp.
Parr, A. (2010). Monitoring of Odonata in Britain and possible insights into climate change. BioRisk 5: 127. https://doi.org/10.3897/biorisk.5.846
Paulson, D. & M. Schorr (2020). World Odonata List. https://www.pugetsound.edu/academics/academic-resources/slater-museum/biodiversity-resources/dragonflies/world-odonata-list2 Accession date: 28/07/2019
Payra, A., S.K. Dash, H.S. Palei, A.D. Tiple, A.K. Mishra, R.K. Mishra & S.D. Rout (2020). An updated list of Odonata species from Athgarh Forest Division, Odisha, eastern India (Insecta: Odonata). Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences 18(1): 55–64.
Singh, A.P., A. Chandra, V.P. Uniyal & B.S. Adhikari (2021). Catalogue of selected insect groups of Lalwan Community Reserve and Ranjit Sagar Conservation Reserve, Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(3): 18020–18029. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.56126.96.36.19920-18029
Subramaniam, K.A. (2009). Dragonflies of India: A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, Noida, 168pp.
Subramanian, K.A., K.G. Emiliyamma, R. Babu, C. Radhakrishnan & S.S. Talmale (2018). Atlas of Odonata (Insecta) of the Western Ghats. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 417pp.
Subramanian, K.A. & R. Babu (2018). Insecta: Odonata, pp. 227–240. In: Faunal Diversity of Indian Himalaya. Zoological Survey India, Kolkata.
Subramanian, K.A. & R. Babu (2017). Checklist of Odonata (Insecta) of India. Version 3.0. https://www.zsi.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/file/Checklist/Odonata%20V3.pdf. Accession date: 24/06/2019
Termaat, T., A.J. van Strien, R.H. van Grunsven, G. De Knijf, U. Bjelke, K. Burbach, K.J. Conze, P. Goffart, D. Hepper, V.J. Kalkman & G. Motte (2019). Distribution trends of European dragonflies under climate change. Diversity and Distributions 25(6): 936–950. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12913
UNESCO (2020). Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area. https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1406/
Uniyal, V.P., A. Mitra & P.K. Mathur (2000). Dragonfly fauna (Insecta: Odonata) in Great Himalayan National Park, western Himalaya. Annals of Forestry 8(1): 116–119.
Yang, G., Z. Li & C. Fan (2017). The effect of ecological rehabilitation of the Erhai lake side on Odonata species richness and abundance. Aquatic Insects 38(4): 231–238. https://doi.org/10.1080/01650424.2017.1414851