Main Article Content
A camera trapping survey to estimate the species richness and relative abundance of different mammalian fauna and various anthropogenic activities was carried out for four months within an urban influenced zone of Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha. The survey extended over 120 days in January–April 2019 over 10% of the total sanctuary area. With nine cameras and a total effort of 771 trap days, 2,855 independent photographs including 14 species of wild mammals and birds, human traffic, and movement of stray animals were captured. Among the mammalian fauna, Golden Jackal was the most photographed species whereas the Asian Elephant, Striped Hyaena, and Common Palm Civet were the least photographed species. Various anthropogenic activities like intensive movement of departmental vehicles, staff, feral livestock, and stray dogs and cats were also recorded and these activities need to be addressed in management activities for long term conservation of the area and its mammalian fauna. In order to enhance biological connectivity and improve movement of wildlife between the main part of the Chandaka Sanctuary and its near-detached reserved forests in Jagannathprasad-Bharatpur, the study recommends removal of feral cattle, extensive plantations, and construction of a fly-over for vehicular traffic.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27184.108.40.20653-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Biamonte, E., L, Sandoval, E. Chacon & G. Barrantes (2011). Effect of urbanization on the avifauna in a tropical metropolitan area. Landscape Ecology 26: 183–194. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-010-9564-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-010-9564-0
Cole, E.K., M.D. Pope & R.G. Anthony (1997). Effects of road management on movement and survival of Roosevelt Elk. The Journal of Wildlife Management 61: 1115–1126. https://doi.org/10.2307/3802109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3802109
Debata, S. & K.K. Swain (2018). Estimating mammalian diversity and relative abundance using camera traps in a tropical deciduous forest of Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary, eastern India. Mammal Study 43: 45–53. https://doi.org/10.3106/ms2017-0078 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3106/ms2017-0078
IUCN (2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. . Downloaded on 20 May 2019.
Jenks, K.E., P. Chanteap, K. Damrongchainarong, C. Peter, P. Cutter, T. Redford, A.J. Lynam, J. Howard & P. Leimgruber (2011). Using relative abundance indices from camera-trapping to test wildlife conservation hypotheses-an example from Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Tropical Conservation Science 4: 113–131. https://doi.org/10.1177/194008291100400203 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/194008291100400203
Jokimaki, J. & M.L. Kaisanlahti-Jokimaki (2003). Spatial similarity of urban bird communities: a multiscale approach. Journal of Biogeography 30: 1183–1193. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00896.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00896.x
Madhusudan, M.D. (2004). Recovery of wild large herbivores following livestock decline in a tropical Indian wildlife reserve. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 858–869. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00950.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00950.x
Menon, V. (2014). Indian Mammals: A Field Guide. Hachette Book Publishing India Pvt. Ltd, India, 528pp.
Mullu, D. (2016). A review on the effect of habitat fragmentation on ecosystem. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 6(15): 1–15.
Naik, M. (2013). Urban sprawl of Bhubaneswar city using GIS applications and entropy. B Tech Thesis, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, 63pp.
O’Brien, T., G. Kinnaird, M.F. & H.T. Wibisono (2003). Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape. Animal Conservation 6: 131–139. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1367943003003172 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1367943003003172
Palei, H.S., T. Pradhan, H.K. Sahu & A.K. Nayak (2015). Estimating mammalian abundance using camera traps in the tropical forest of Similipal Tiger Reserve, Odisha, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society 69: 181–188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-015-0143-x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-015-0143-x
Prater, H.S. (2005). The book of Indian animals. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 324pp
Routray, J.K., K.C. Rath & N. Nath (1996). Growth, development and planning of Bhubaneswar. Cities 13(2): 79–96.
Samson, A., B. Ramakrishnan, A. Veeramani, P. Santhoshkumar, S. Karthick, G. Sivasubramanian, M. Ilakkia, A. Chitheena, J.L. Princy & P. Ravi (2016). Effect of vehicular traffic on wild animals in Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(9): 9182–9189. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.19220.127.116.1182-9189 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.1918.104.22.16882-9189
Sollmann, R., A. Mohamed, H. Samejima & A. Wilting (2013). Risky business or simple solution-Relative abundance indices from camera-trapping. Biological Conservation 159: 405–412. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.12.025 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.12.025
Srivastava, S.S. & L.A.K. Singh (2003). Status of wild dog (Cuon alpinus) in Similipal and possible impacts of ‘village dogs’. Zoos’ Print 18(10): 18–21.
Tiwari, S.K., J.R.B. Alfred & S.K. Dutta (2002). Vertebrate Fauna of Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary, Orissa. Zoological Survey of India, Conservation Area Series 14, 126pp.
Tobler, M.W., S.E. Carrillo-Percastegui, R.L. Pitman, R. Mares & G. Powell (2008). An evaluation of camera traps for inventorying large- and medium-sized terrestrial rainforest mammals. Animal Conservation 11: 169–178. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2008.00169.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2008.00169.x
United Nations (2011). World population prospects: the revision 2010. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 481pp.
United Nations (2012). World urbanization prospects, the 2011 revision: Final report and tables. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 302pp
Wilby, R.L. & G.L.W. Perry (2006). Climate change, biodiversity and the urban environment: a critical review based on London, UK. Progress in Physical Geography 30: 73–98. https://doi.org/10.1191/0309133306pp470ra DOI: https://doi.org/10.1191/0309133306pp470ra