First distributional record of the Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus Horsfield, 1821 (Ciconiiformes: Ciconiidae) from Sindhuli District, Nepal

Main Article Content

Badri Baral
Sudeep Bhandari
Saroj Koirala
Parashuram Bhandari
Ganesh Magar
Dipak Raj Basnet
Jeevan Rai
Hem Sagar Baral


Information on the distribution of the Vulnerable Lesser Adjutant from Sindhuli District is scarce.  Here we report the investigation and observation a total of 12 individuals and two active nests of Lesser Adjutant in five different locations of Dudhauli and Kamalamai Municipality in Sindhuli, Nepal to reduce the information gap between Triyuga watershed, Siraha District and Chitwan.  Further systematic studies are recommended to find out the total population of the species.

Article Details



Bajagain, S., A. Pradhan & A. Bhusal (2019). Confirmation of breeding colonies of Lesser Adjutant Stork in Sarlahi, Nepal. The Himalayan Naturalist 2(1): 34–36.

Bajagain, S. & A. Pradhan (2018). Note on nesting behavior of Globally Threatened Lesser Adjutant Leptotilos javanicus in Sarlahi, Nepal. Daphe 27: 9–10.

Baral, H.S. (2004). Population status, breeding and habitat preference of Lesser Adjutant in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and surrounding areas, east Nepal. Birding Asia 2: 82.

Baral, H.S. (2005). Surveys for Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus in and around Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Forktail 21: 190–193.

BirdLife International (2013). Leptoptilos javanicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. Electronic version accessed February 2019.

BirdLife International (2020). Species factsheet: Leptoptilos javanicus. Downloaded from on 28 March 2020.

Inskipp, C., H.S. Baral, S. Phuyal, T.R. Bhatt, M. Khatiwada, T. Inskipp, A. Khatiwada, S. Gurung, P.B. Singh, L. Murray, L. Poudyal & R. Amin (2016). The status of Nepal’s Birds: The National Red List Series. Zoological Society of London, UK.

Inskipp, C. & T. Inskipp (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Nepal. Second Edition. Christopher Helm, London, UK.

Karki, S. & T. Thapa (2013). Population status, nesting habitat selection and conservation threats of Lesser Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos javanicus) in the eastern lowlands of Nepal. Conservation Science 1(1): 27–35. DOI:

Nepal, K. & I. Thapa (2018). Water Bird Count 2017 in wetlands of Nepal. Daphe 27:1–8.

Poudyal, L. P. & S. Nepal (2010). Population status of Lesser Adjutant in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Danphe 19(1): 1–3.

Subba, B., K. Limbu & R. Surana (2009). Conservation of the breeding population of Lesser Adjutant Stork. Our Nature 6(1): 8. DOI:

Sundar, K.S.G., B. Maharjan, R. Koju, S. Kittur & K.R. Gosai (2016). Factors affecting provisioning times of two stork species in lowland Nepal. Waterbirds 39: 365–374.

Sundar, K.S.G., R. Koju, B. Maharjan, B. Marcot, S. Kittur & K.R. Gosai (2019a). First assessment of factors breeding success of two stork species in lowland Nepal using Bayesian Network models Wildfowl 69(2019): 45–69.

Sundar, K.S.G., B. Maharjan, R. Koju, S. Kittur & K.R. Gosai (2019b). Ciconiiformes nesting on trees in cereal-dominated farmlands: importance of scattered trees for heronries in lowland Nepal. Waterbirds 42(4): 355–365. DOI:

Most read articles by the same author(s)