An updated checklist of Indian western Himalayan gymnosperms and lectotypification of three names

Main Article Content

Jibankumar Singh Khuraijam
Jaideep Mazumdar


An updated checklist of gymnosperms of the western Himalaya situated within political boundaries in India is provided along with conservation status and distribution.  Lectotype for three names viz., Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex Lam.) G. Don, Pinus roxburghii Sarg., Picea smithiana (Wall.) Boiss. are designated.

Article Details

Short Communications


Boissier, E. (1884). Flora Orientalis: sive, Enumeratio plantarum in Oriente a Graecia et Aegypto ad Indiae fines hucusque observatarum. Vol. 5, H. Georg, Basileae.

Calonje, M., D.W. Stevenson & L. Stanberg (2019). The World List of Cycads, online edition [Internet]. 2013-2019. [accessed 11 January 2019].

Christenhusz, M., J. Reveal, A. Farjon, M.F. Gardner, R.R. Mill & M.W. Chase (2011). A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms. Phytotaxa 19: 55–70.

Christensen, K.I. & L.V. Orlova (2006). Typification of specific and infraspecific names in Abies, Larix, Picea and Pinus (Pinaceae). Feddes Repertorium 117: 519–525.

Conway, S. (2013). Beyond Pine Cones: An introduction to gymnosperms. Arnoldia 70/4: 2–14.

Dar, A.R. & G.H. Dar (2006). The wealth of Kashmir Himalaya - Gymnosperms. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 5: 251–259.

Dar, G.H. & K. Christensen (2003). Gymnosperms of the Western Himalaya. 1. The genus Juniperus (Cupressaceae). Pakistan Journal of Botany 35: 283–311.

Dogra, P.D. (1999). Conifers of the Himalayas and their Endangered Genetic Resources, pp. 50–54. In: Farjon, A. & C.N. Page (compilers) Conifers. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Conifer Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Don, G. (1830). Loudon’s Hortus britannicus. A catalogue of all the plants indigenous, cultivated in, or introduced to Britain. Part I. The Linnaean arrangement... Part II. The Jussieuean arrangement. London, 388pp.

Donaldson, J.S., K.D. Hill & D.W. Stevenson (2003). Cycads of the World: An Overview. In: Donaldson, J.S. (ed.). Cycads. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cycad Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, 86pp.

Eckenwalder, J.E. (2009). Conifers of the World: The Complete Reference. Timber Press, Portland, 720pp.

Farjon, A. (2010). A Handbook of the World’s Conifers. Brill, Leiden-Boston, 1111pp.

Farjon, A. (2017). A Handbook of the World’s Conifers. 2nd ed. Brill, Leiden-Boston, 1154pp.

Forest, F., J. Moat, E. Baloch, N.A. Brummitt, S.P. Bachman, S. Ickert-Bond, P.M. Hollingsworth, A. Liston, D.P. Little, S. Mathews, H. Rai, C. Rydin, D.W. Stevenson, P. Thomas & S. Buerki (2018). Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053.

IUCN (2019). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-2.

Lambert, A.B. (1803-1824). A description of the genus Pinus. J. White, London.

Miller, H.S. (1970). The Herbarium of Aylmer Bourke Lambert: Notes on Its Acquisition, Dispersal, and Present Whereabouts. Taxon 19(4): 489–553.

Rana, S.K. & G.S. Rawat (2017). Database of Himalayan Plants Based on Published Floras during a Century. Data 2: 36.

Sahni, K.C. (1990). Gymnosperms of India and adjacent countries. Bishen Singh MahendraPal Singh, Dehra Dun, 169pp.

Sargent, C.S. (1897). The silva of North America, Vol. 11. Houghton, Mifflin and Company, Boston & New York.

Sharma, P. & P.L. Uniyal (2009). Ephedra sumlingensis (Ephedraceae) Sharma & Uniyal a new species from Himachal Pradesh, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 50: 179–182.

Sharma, P. & R. Singh (2015). A new species of Ephedra (Ephedraceae, Ephedrales) from India. Phytotaxa 218(2): 189–192.

Sharma, P. & R. Singh (2016). Ephedra yangthangensis (Ephedraceae), a new species from Himachal Pradesh, India. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 23(2): 195–198.

Sharma, P., P.L. Uniyal & Ø. Hammer (2010). Two new species of Ephedra (Ephedraceae) from the western Himalaya. Systematic Botany 35: 730–735.

Sharma, P., P.L. Uniyal, S.B. Tripathi, M.S. Negi & A. Schwekendiek (2015). AFLP based analysis of genetic diversity within Section Pseudobaccatae and Alatae of the genus Ephedra in Western Himalaya. Journal of Innovative Biology 2(4): 245–249.

Sharma, P., P.L. Uniyal, S.B. Tripathi, M.S. Negi & A. Schwekendiek (2011). The identity reveal: Four new morpho-molecular species within Section Pseudobaccatae of the genus Ephedra in western Himalaya. Botany 2011. Healing the Planet. The Annual Meeting of 4 Leading Scientific Societies July 9–13, 2011 Chase Park Plaza - St. Louis, Missouri.

Singh, B., P. Sultan & Y.S. Bedi (2018a). Juniperus chinensis L. (Cupressaceae): A new taxa record for Himalaya and extension of geographic distribution in South Asia. National Academy Science Letters 41(1): 69–73.

Singh, K.P. & V. Mudgal (1997). Gymnosperms, pp. 443–472. In: Mudgal, V. & P.K. Hajra (Eds.) Floristic Diversity and Conservation Strategies in India. Volume – I: Cryptogams and Gymnosperms. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

Singh, N.P. & R.C. Srivastava (2013). Gymnosperms of India: A Checklist. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, 41pp.

Singh, R., Biswas, J. & S. Bisht (2018b). Gymnosperms diversity of the Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot, pp.129–161. In: Das, A.P. & S. Bera (Eds.) Plant Diversity in the Himalaya Hotspot Region. Volume – I, Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.

Srivastava, R.C. (2006). Diversity, distribution and economic importance of living gymnosperms in India. Panjab University Research Journal (Science) 56(1–4): 45–87.

Stafleu, F.A. & R.S. Cowan (1985). Taxonomic Literature: A Selective Guide to Botanical Publications and Collections with Dates, Commentaries and Types (Ed. 2), Vol. 5. Bohn, Scheltema and Holkema, Utrecht.

Turland, N.J., J.H. Wiersema, F.R. Barrie, W. Greuter, D.L. Hawksworth, P.S. Herendeen, S. Knapp, W.-H. Kusber, D.-Z. Li, K. Marhold, T.W. May, J. McNeill, A.M. Monro, J. Prado, M.J. Price & G.F. Smith (eds.) (2018). International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. Regnum Vegetabile 159. Koeltz Botanical Books, Glashütten.

Wallich, N. (1832a). Numerical list of dried specimens of plants. Published by the author, London.

Wallich, N. (1832b). Plantae Asiaticae rariores, or, Descriptions and figures of a select number of unpublished East Indian plants. Vol. 3, Treuttel and Würtz, London .

WCSP (2019). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet. Retrieved 11 January 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)