Annotated checklist and conservation status of mammals of Fars Province, southern Iran

Main Article Content

Fatah Zarei
Sasan Kafaei
Hamid Reza Esmaeili


Our purpose in this study was to gather all previously published data and our own data of extensive field expeditions and camera trapping to present a general view of the Fars mammals.  The mammals of Fars Province, southern Iran, comprise of 72 species in 53 genera, 28 families and seven orders.  The most diverse order is  Chiroptera with 23 species or 31.9% of the mammalian fauna, followed by Carnivora and Rodentia (each with 18 species, 25%).  The most diverse family is Vespertilionidae with nine species or 12.5% of the mammalian fauna, followed by Rhinopomatidae and Muridae, each with eight species or 11.1% of the mammalian fauna, Felidae and Canidae (each with five species, 6.9%), respectively.  Sixteen families have only one species each.  The Fars Province is the type locality of Triaenops persicus Dobson, 1871, Eptesicus serotinus shiraziensis (Dobson, 1871), Microtus irani Thomas, 1921, and Apodemus witherbyi (Thomas, 1902). Five species are listed in the Appendix I, eight species in the Appendix II, and eight species in the Appendix III of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).  In addition, three species are considered as endangered and nine species as protected species based on the rules and regulations/laws of the Iranian Department of the Environment (DOE).  The Asiatic Lion Panthera leo persica Meyer, 1826 is extirpated in Iran.  Among the reported species, 60 species (83.3%) are considered as Least Concern (LC), two species as Not Evaluated (2.7%), one species as Data Deficient (1.4%), six species (8.3%) as Vulnerable (VU), and three species (4.2%) as Near Threatened (NT) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.  The current checklist shows that the mammalian fauna of Fars Province is rich and taxonomically diverse, and the provided information will be necessary for the development of competent and pragmatic management plans and effective conservation policies.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Fatah Zarei, Zoology Section, Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran

  • PhD Candidate of Systematic Zoology, Shiraz University, Iran.



Sasan Kafaei, Head of Research and Technology Bureau, Department of Environment, Shiraz 71346, Iran

  • Head of Research and Technology Bureau, Department of Environment, Shiraz, Iran

Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Zoology Section, Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran

  • Full Professor of Zoology
  • Head of Ichthyology Research Lab. & Developmental Systematics Lab.
  • Head of Zoological Museum of Shiraz University, Collection of Biology Department, Shiraz (ZM-CBSU).
  • Editor-in-chief: Iranian Journal of Ichthyology
  • (
  • Co-Editor (Biology Section):
  • Iranian Journal of Science And Technology (IJST) (
  • Mebmer of Editorial Board of International Journal of Aquatic Biology 
  • (
  • Mebmer of Editorial Board of Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics (
  • Member of the Iranian Society of Ichthyology (


Ashayeri, S. & H. Newing (2012). Meat, markets, pleasure and revenge: multiple motivations for hunting in Bamu National Park, Fars Province, Iran. Parks 18(1): 125–133.

Aghbolaghi, M.A., H.R. Rezaei, M. Scandura & M. Kaboli (2014). Low gene flow between Iranian Grey Wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs documented using uniparental genetic markers. Zoology in the Middle East 60(2): 95–106;

Akbari, H., H.V. Moradi, J. Sarhangzadeh & B.S. Esfandabad (2014). Population status, distribution, and conservation of the Chinkara, Gazella bennettii, in Iran (Mammalia: Bovidae). Zoology in the Middle East 60(3): 189–194;

Akbarirad, S., J. Darvish & M. Aliabadian (2016). Increased species diversity of Brush-tailed mice, genus Calomyscus (Calomyscidae, Rodentia), in the Zagros Mountains, Western Iran. Mammalia 80(5): 549–562;

Akmali, V., A. Farazmand, J. Darvish & M. Sharifi (2011). Phylogeography and taxonomic status of the Greater Mouse-tailed Bat Rhinopoma microphyllum (Chiroptera: Rhinopomatidae) in Iran. Acta Chiropterologica 13(2): 279–290;

Ashrafzadeh, M.R., M. Kaboli & M.R. Naghavi (2016). Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Iranian Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) reveals new phylogeographic lineage. Mammalian Biology-Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 81(1): 1–9;

Baryshnikov, G. (2000). A new subspecies of the Honey Badger Mellivora capensis from Central Asia. Acta Theriologica 45(1): 45–55.

Benda, P., M. Andreas, D. Kock, R.K. Lucan, P. Munclinger, P. Nova, J. Obuch, K. Ochman, A. Reiter & M. Uhrin (2006). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean. Part 4. Bat fauna of Syria: Distribution, systematics, ecology. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 70(1): 1–329.

Benda, P., K. Faizolâhi, M. Andreas, J. Obuch, A. Reiter, M. Å evÄík, M. Uhrin, P. Vallo & S. Ashrafi (2012a). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Part 10. Bat fauna of Iran. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 76(1–4): 163–582.

Benda, P., P. Vallo, P. Hulva & I. HoráÄek (2012b). The Egyptian Fruit Bat Rousettus aegyptiacus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in the Palaearctic: Geographical variation and taxonomic status. Biologia 67(6): 1230–1244;

Blanford, W.T. (1876). Eastern Persia an Account of the Journeys of the Persian Boundary Commission 1870-71-72. Volum II. The Zoology and Geology. Macmillan and Company, London, UK, viii+516pp.

Coad, B.W. (2017). Freshwater fishes of Iran. Accessed on 19 August 2017.

Coad, B.W. & B.Y. Vilenkin (2004). Co-occurrence and zoogeography of the freshwater fishes of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 31(1): 53–62;

Darvish, J. (1995). Identification of subspecies of Mus musculus Linnaeus, 1766 (Muridae: Rodentia) of Khorasan Provice by multivariate analysis. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 62(1): 47–65.

Darvish, J. (2009). Morphometric comparison of fourteen species of the genus Meriones Illiger, 1811 (Gerbillinae, Rodentia) from Asia and North Africa. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 5(1): 59–77.

Darvish, J., Z. Mohammadi, F. Ghorbani, A. Mahmoudi & S. Dubey (2015). Phylogenetic relationships of Apodemus Kaup, 1829 (Rodentia: Muridae) species in the Eastern Mediterranean inferred from mitochondrial DNA, with emphasis on Iranian species. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 22(4): 583–595;

Darvish, J., Z. Mohammadi, A. Mahmoudi & R. Siahsarvie (2014). Faunistic and taxonomic study of rodents from Northwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 10(2): 119–136.

Darvish, J., M. Tarahomi, M. Dianat, Z. Mohammadi, H. Haddadian Shad & S. Moshtaghi (2016). Biosystematics of Three-toed Jerboas, genus Jaculus (Erxleben, 1777) (Dipodidae, Rodentia) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 12(1): 123–139.

De Misonne, X. (1968). Mammals, pp. 294–304. In: Fisher, W.B. (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran (Vol. 1). Cambridge University Press, UK.

De Roguin, L. (1988). Notes sur quelques mammifères du Baluchistan Iranien. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 95(2): 595–606.

DeBlase, A.F. (1971). New distributional records of bats from Iran. Fieldiana: Zoology 58(3): 9–14.

DeBlase, A.F. (1972). Rhinolophus euryale and R. mehelyi (Chiroptera, Rhinolophidae) in Egypt and southwest Asia. Israel Journal of Zoology 21(1): 1–12.

DeBlase, A.F. (1980). The bats of Iran: systematics, distribution, ecology. Fieldiana: Zoology 4(1): 1–424.

DeBlase, A.F., D.A. Schliter & H.N. Neuhauser (1973). Taxonomic status of Rhinopoma muscatellum Thomas (Chiroptera: Rhinopomatidae) from Southwest Asia. Journal of mammalogy 54(4): 831–841.

Dianat, M., M. Aliabadian, J. Darvish & S. Akbarirad (2013). Molecular phylogeny of the Iranian Plateau Five-toed Jerboa, Allactaga (Dipodidea: Rodentia), inferred from mtDNA. Mammalia 77(1): 95–103;

Dianat, M., J. Darvish, R. Cornette, M. Aliabadian, V. Nicolas (2016). Evolutionary history of the Persian Jird, Meriones persicus, based on genetics, species distribution modelling and morphometric data. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 55(1): 29–45;

Dubey, S., J.F. Cosson, E. Magnanou, V. Vohralík, P. Benda, D. Frynta, R. Hutterer, V. Vogel & P. Vogel (2007). Mediterranean populations of the Lesser Whiteâ€toothed Shrew (Crocidura suaveolens group): An unexpected puzzle of Pleistocene survivors and prehistoric introductions. Molecular Ecology 16(16): 3438–3452;

Ellerman, J.R. (1961). Rodentia, Vol. 3, pp. part I: 1–482, part 482: 483–884. In: Director, Z.S.I. (ed.). The Fauna of India Including Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon Mammalia (in 2 Parts), 2nd Ed. Manager of Publications, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India.

Ellerman, J.R. & T.C.S. Morrison-Scott (1951). Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian Mammals, 1758 to 1964. Trustees of the British Museum, London, UK, 810pp.

Esmaeili, H.R., G. Gholamhosseini, A. Teimory & B. Krystufek (2008a). Noteworthy record of the Mediterranean Water Shrew (Neomys anomalus) from south-western Iran (Mammalia: Soricomorpha). Turkish Journal of Zoology 32(2): 163–166.

Esmaeili, H.R., G. Gholamhosseini, H. Zareian & B. Kryštufek (2008b). Noteworthy range extension of two White-toothed shrews in Iran: Crocidura suaveolens and Suncus etruscus (Soricidae). Zoology in the Middle East 45(1): 105–106;

Esmaeili, H.R., H. Mehraban, K. Abbasi, Y. Keivany & W.C. Brian (2017). Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 4(S1): 1–114;

Esmaeili, H.R. & A. Teimori (2017). Fish Species Diversity of Fars. Fars Department of Environment, Shiraz, Iran, 276pp.

Etemad, E. (1978). The Mammals of Iran. Volume 1. Rodents and Key to Their Classification. National Society for Protection of Natural Resources and Human Environment, Tehran, Iran, 288pp.

Etemad, E. (1985). The Mammals of Iran. Volume 2: Carnivora, Pinnipedia, Pperissodactyla, Artiodactyla, Cetacea. Department of the Environment, Tehran, Iran, 293pp.

Farhadinia, M.S., H. Akbari, M. Beheshti & A. Sadeghi (2007). Ecology and status of the Caracal, Caracal caracal (Carnivora: Felidae), in the Abbasabad Naein Reserve, Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 41(1): 5–10;

Farhadinia, M.S., H. Farahmand, A. Gavashelishvili, M. Kaboli, M. Karami, B. Khalili & S. Montazamy (2015). Molecular and craniological analysis of Leopard, Panthera pardus (Carnivora: Felidae) in Iran: Support for a monophyletic clade in Western Asia. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114(4): 721–736;

Firouz, E. (1999). A Guide to the Fauna of Iran (Vertebrates). Tehran University Press, Tehran, Iran, 508pp.

Frey, W. & W. Probst (1986). A synopsis of the vegetation of Iran, pp. 9–24. In: Kurschner, H. (ed.). Contributions to the Vegetation of Southwest Asia. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden, Germany.

Frynta, D., K. PalupÄíková, E. Bellinvia, P. Benda, H. Skarlantová, L. Schwarzová & D. Modrý (2010). Phylogenetic relationships within the cahirinus-dimidiatus group of the genus Acomys (Rodentia: Muridae): New mitochondrial lineages from Sahara, Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Zootaxa 2660: 46–56.

Furman, A., T. Postawa, T. Öztunç & E. Çoraman (2010). Cryptic diversity of the Bent-wing Bat, Miniopterus schreibersii (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae), in Asia Minor. BMC Evolutionary Biology 30(1):121;

Ghadirian, T., H. Akbari, M.R. Besmeli, A. Ghoddousi, A.K. Hamidi & M.E. Dehkordi (2016). Sand cat in Iran- present status, distribution and conservation challenges. Cat News S10: 56–59.

Ghoddousi, A., A.K. Hamidi, T. Ghadirian, D. Ashayeri, M. Hamzehpour, H. Moshiri, H. Zohrabi & L. Julayi (2008a). Territorial marking by the Persian Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor Pocock, 1927) in Bamu National Park, Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 44(1): 101–103;

Ghoddousi, A., A.H.K. Hamidi, T. Ghadirian, D. Ashayeri, H. Moshiri & I. Khorozyan (2008b). The status of the Persian Leopard in Bamu National Park, Iran. Cat News 49: 10–13.

Ghoddousi, A., T. Ghadirian & H. Fahimi (2009). Status of Caracal in Bahram’gur Protected Area, Iran. Cat News 50: 10–3.

Ghoddousi, A., A.K. Hamidi, T. Ghadirian & S.B. Assadi (2016). The status of wildcat in Iran- a crossroad of subspecies? Cat News S10: 60–63.

Gholamifard, A., N.R. Pouayni & H.R. Esmaeili (2012). Annotated checklist of reptiles of Fars Province, Southern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 8(2): 155–167.

Groves, C.P. (1993). The Chinkara (Gazella bennetti) in Iran, with the description of two new subspecies. Journal of Sciences of the Islamic Republic of Iran 4(3): 166–178.

Gutleb, B. & H. Ziaie (1999). On the distribution and status of the Brown Bear, Ursus arctos, and the Asiatic Black Bear, U. thibetanus, in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 18(1): 5–8;

Hadadian-Shad, H., J. Darvish & E. Rastegar-Pouyani (2017). Genetic differentiation of the Lesser White-toothed Shrew, Crocidura suaveolens (Pallas, 1811) inferred from cytb sequences and morphometric in the refuges of the central Iran. Journal of Animal Researches (Iranian Journal of Biology) 30(2): 180–192.

Hamadanian, A. (2005). Onagers (Equus hemionus onager) in Iran, wild and captive. Zoologische Garten 75: 126–128.

Harrison, D.L. & P.J.J. Bates (1991). The Mammals of Arabia. Harrison Zoological Museum, Sevenoaks, UK, 354pp.

Hemami, M.R. & M. Momeni (2013). Estimating abundance of the endangered Onager Equus hemionus onager in Qatruiyeh National Park, Iran. Oryx 47(2): 266–272;

Hemmati, F., E. Rezazadeh, B.H. Kiabi, L. Hemmati, G. Molavi, E.K. Radd & C.R. Bursey (2013). Parasites of the Lesser Mouse-Eared Myotis, Myotis blythii (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae), from Zanjan Province, northwest Iran. Comparative Parasitology 80(2): 312–313;

Hulva, P., I. HoráÄek, P.P. Strelkov & P. Benda (2004). Molecular architecture of Pipistrellus pipistrellus/Pipistrellus pygmaeus complex (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae): Further cryptic species and Mediterranean origin of the divergence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32(3): 1023–1035;

Hutterer, R. & D.L. Harrison (1988). A new look at the shrews (Soricidae) of Arabia. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 39(1): 59–72.

Karami, M., R. Hutterer, P. Benda, R. Siahsarvie & B. Kryštufek (2008). Annotated check-list of the mammals of Iran. Lynx 39(1): 63–102.

Karami, M., T. Ghadirian & K. Faizolahi (2016). The Atlas of Mammals of Iran. Department of Environment, Tehran, Iran, 285pp.

Khoobdel, M., H. Jafari & M.R. Akhoond (2016). The impacts of the introduced Indian Gray Mongoose Herpestes edwardsii (Mammalia, Carnivora) on the non-target native species of Abu-Musa Island, Iran. Journal of Military Medicine 18(1): 371–379.

Khorozyan, I. (2008). Research and Conservation of the Persian Leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor in Bamu National Park, Fars Province, Iran. Plan for the Land Society, Iran, 19pp.

Khosravi, R., M. Kaboli, J. Imani & E. Nourani (2012). Morphometric variations of the skull in the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in Iran. Acta Theriologica 57(4): 361–369;

Khosravi, R., H.R. Rezaei & M. Kaboli (2013). Detecting hybridization between Iranian wild Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) and free-ranging Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris) by analysis of microsatellite markers. Zoological Science 30(1): 27–34;

Lay, D.M. (1967). A study of the mammals of Iran: Resulting from the street expedition of 1962–63. Fieldiana: Zoology 54(1): 1–282.

Lomolino, M.V., B.R. Riddle & J.H. Brown (2006). Biogeography. Sinauer Associates Sunderland, MA, US, 691pp.

Madjnoonian, H., B.H. Kiabi & M. Danesh (2005). Readings in Zoogeography of Iran, Part I. Department of Environment, Tehran, Iran, 384pp.

Mahmoudi, A., B. Krystufek, M. Aliabadian, F.Y. Moghaddam & J. Darvish (2017). All quiet in the East: Molecular analysis retrieves Chionomys layi as part of C. nivalis. Folia Zoologica 66(1): 67–72;

Mahmoudi, A., J. Darvish & M. Aliabadian (2014). The Karaman vole Microtus irani karamani is a new record for Iran (Arvicolinae; Microtus). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 10(1): 51–56.

Melnikova, E. & M. Naderi (2017). Mitochondrial evidence indicates a shallow phylogeographic structure for Jaculus blanfordi. Turkish Journal of Zoology 41(6): 970–979;

Mirshamsi, O., J. Darvish & N. Kayvanfar (2007). A preliminary study on Indian Gerbils, Tatera indica Hardwicke, 1807 at population level in eastern and southern parts of Iran (Rodentia: Muridae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 3(1): 49–61.

Mohammadi, S., S. Afonso, M.A. Adibi, J. Melo-Ferreira & R. Campos (2016). A new and highly divergent mitochondrial lineage in the Small Five-toed Jerboa, Allactaga elater, from Iran (Mammalia: Rodentia). Zoology in the Middle East 62(3): 206–211;

Nateghpour, M., A.A. Akhavan, A.A. Hanafi-Bojd, Z. Telmadarraiy, A.S. Mavi, N. Hosseini-Vasoukolaei, A. Motevalli-Haghi & K. Akbarzadeh (2013). Wild rodents and their ectoparasites in Baluchistan area, southeast of Iran. Tropical Biomed 30(1): 72–77.

Nowell, K. & P. Jackson (1996). Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland, 382pp.

Olson, D.M., E. Dinerstein, E.D. Wikramanayake, N.D. Burgess, G.V.N. Powell, E.C. Underwood, J.A. D’amico, I. Itoua, H.E. Strand J.C. Morrison (2001). Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: A new map of life on earth. BioScience 51(11): 933–938.

Sahebjam, B., J. Darvish, E. Rastegar-Pouyani, R. Siahsarvie & S. Akbarirad (2010). A preliminary molecular study of the Iranian species of Calomyscus (Rodentia-Calomyscidae) using RFLP. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 5(2): 33–41.

Rezaei, H.R., S. Naderi, I.C. Chintauan-Marquier, P. Taberlet, A.T. Virk, H.R. Naghash, D. Rioux, M. Kaboli & F. Pompanon (2010). Evolution and taxonomy of the wild species of the genus Ovis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Bovidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54(2): 315–326;

Schiller, J.M., B.D. Boupha & O. Bounnaphol (1999). Rodents in agriculture in the Lao PDR—a problem with an unknown future. ACIAR Monograph 59: 372–387.

Shahabi, S. (2013). Karyologic study of three species of Calomyscus (Rodentia: Calomyscidae) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 6(2): 55–60.

Shahabi, S., V. Akmali & M. Sharifi (2017). Taxonomic evaluation of the Greater Horseshoe Bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae) in Iran inferred from the mitochondrial D-Loop gene. Zoological Science 34(4): 361–367;

Shahabi, S., M. Aliabadian, J. Darvish & C.W. Kilpatrick (2013). Molecular phylogeny of Brush-tailed mice of the genus Calomyscus (Rodentia: Calomyscidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences (Cox1 gene). Mammalia 77(4): 425–431;

Shahabi, S., J. Darvish, M. Aliabadian, O. Mirshamsi & Z. Mohammadi (2012). Cranial and dental analysis of mouse-like hamsters of the genus Calomyscus (Rodentia: Calomyscidae) from plateau of Iran. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 22(2): 311–323;

Sharifi, M., F. Mozafari, N. Taghinezhad & H. Javanbakht (2008). Variation in ectoparasite load reflects life history traits in the Lesser Mouse-eared Bat Myotis blythii (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in western Iran. Journal of Parasitology 94(3): 622–625;

Shenbrot, G.I., V.E. Sokolov, V.G. Heptner & Y.M. Kowalskaya (2008). Jerboas: Mammals of Russia and Adjacent Regions. Siminthsonian Institution Libraries, Washington, US, 786pp.

Siahsarvie, R. & J. Darvish (2007). New record of Naked-footed Gerbil Gerbillius nanus and Pygmy Gerbi Gerbillius cfr. henleyi (Rodentia, Muridae) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 3(1): 15–20.

Stenseth, N.C., H. Leirs, A. Skonhoft, S.A. Davis, R.P. Pech, H.P. Andreassen, G.R. Singleton, M. Lima, R.S. Machang’u & R.H. Makundi (2003). Mice, rats, and people: The bioâ€economics of agricultural rodent pests. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(7): 367–375;[0367:MRAPTB]2.0.CO;2

Tatin, L., B.F. Darreh-Shoori, C. Tourenq, D. Tatin & B. Azmayesh (2003). The last populations of the Critically Endangered Onager Equus hemionus onager in Iran: Urgent requirements for protection and study. Oryx 37(4): 488–491.

Temple, H.J. & A. Terry (2007). The Status and Distribution of European Mammals. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, 48pp.

Vatandoost, H., Z. Telmadarraiy, M. Sharifi, A. Moradi, M. Kamali & M. Taran (2010). Ectoparasites of Lesser Mouse-eared Bat, Myotis blythii from Kermanshah, Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 3(5): 371–373;

Wacher, T., T. Wronski, R.L. Hammond, B. Winney, M.J. Blacket, K.J. Hundertmark, O.B. Mohammed, S.A. Omer, W. Macasero & H. Lerp (2010). Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences reveals polyphyly in the Goitred Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa). Conservation Genetics 12(3): 827–831;

Witt, J.W. & A.F. Deblase (1983). A taxonomic study of the Red Fox, Vulpes vulpes, from Iran. Mammalia 47(2): 247–256;

Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). Order Carnivora, pp. 532–628. In: Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd Ed., Vol. 1. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, US.

Yusefi, G.H., B.H. Kiabi, L. Khalatbari & N.M. Monteiro (2016). Morphological analysis of Brandt’s Hedgehog (Paraechinus hypomelas) reflects the isolation history of Persian Gulf islands and has implications for taxonomy. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 119(2): 497–510;

Zarei, B., M. Aliabadian, J. Drvish, F.Y. Moghadam & S. Mohammadi (2013a). Geometric morphometric analyses of the Short-tailed Bandicoot Rat (Nesokia indica)(Rodentia: Muridae) in the north and Southeast of Iran. Zoology and Ecology 23(4): 260–265;

Zarei, B., J. Darvish, M. Aliabadian & F.Y. Moghaddam (2013b). Geometric morphometric analyses of four species of brush-tailed mice, genus Calomyscus (Rodentia: Calomyscidae), from the Iranian Plateau. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 9(1): 73–81.

Zareian, H., A. Gholamhosseini, H.R. Esmaeili & A. Teimori (2012). Vertebrates of Kuh-e-Gorm Non-hunting Area, Jahrom, Iran: Diversity, conservation and challenges. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 8(2): 169–182.

Ziaie, H. (1996). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Iran: 100 Distribution Maps. Department of the Environment, Tehran, Iran, 298pp.

Zima, J., A. Arslan, P. Benda, M. Macholán, B. Kryštufek (2013). Chromosomal variation in social voles: A Robertsonian fusion in Günther’s Vole. Acta Theriologica 58(3): 255–265;

Most read articles by the same author(s)