Main Article Content
The Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus is thought to be present in most forested areas of Sri Lanka. Though it was suggested that the species may occur in montane regions, there was no photographic evidence to date. Here we present the first photographic record of the Rusty-spotted Cat in Horton Plains National Park. Individuals including cubs were photo-captured on 15 separate occasions during a 5,538 camera trap days study. These photo-captures were made both during the day and night, and indicate the presence of a breeding population in this protected area.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2718.104.22.16853-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Fernando, S.N.U. (1968). The Natural Vegetation of Ceylon. Lake House Bookshop, Colombo, 85pp.
GADM (2015). Database of Global Administrative Areas, Version 2.8. Available online at https://gadm.org/maps/LKA.html. Downloaded on 31 October 2017.
IUCN (1990). Directory of South Asian Protected Areas. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, U.K., xxiv+294pp.
Kittle, A. & A. Watson (2004). Rusty-spotted Cat in Sri Lanka: observations of an arid zone population. Cat News 40: 17â€“19.
Kittle, A.M., A.C. Watson, S.A. Cushman & D.W. Macdonald (2017). Forest cover and level of protection influence the island-wide distribution of an apex carnivore and umbrella species, the Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya). Biodiversity Conservation 27(1): 235â€“263; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1431-8
Ministry of Environment (2012). The National Red List of Sri Lanka: Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Ministry of Environment, Sri Lanka.
Mukherjee, S., J.W. Duckworth, A. Silva, A. Appel & A. Kittle (2016). Prionailurus rubiginosus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T18149A50662471. Downloaded on 28 November 2017; https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18149A50662471.en
Nekaris, K.A.I. (2003). Distribution and behaviour of three small wild cats in Sri Lanka. Cat News 38: 30â€“32.
Padmalal, U.K.G.K. & T. Kikuchi (1993). A phytosociological survey on grassland in Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka. Ecological Review = Seitaigaku Kenkyu 22(4): 159â€“174.
Phillips, W.W.A. (1980). Manual of the Mammals of Sri Lanka. Wildlife and Nature Protection Society of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 116pp.
R Core Team (2018). The R Project for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available online at https://www.R-project.org/. Accessed on 22 July 2018.
Ridout, M. & M. Linkie (2009). Estimating overlap of daily activity patterns from camera trap data. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 14(3): 322â€“337; https://doi.org/10.1198/jabes.2009.08038
Sri Lanka Tourist Board (2017). Annual Statistical Report 2016. Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority ASR, 106pp. http://www.sltda.lk/sites/default/files/annual-statical-report-2017.pdf
Sunquist, M.E. & F.C. Sunquist (2009). Family Felidae (cats), pp54â€“168. In: Wilson, D.E. & R.A. Mittermeier (eds.) Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Vol. 1. Carnivores. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain, 728pp.
Werner, W.L. (1988). Canopy dieback in the upper montane rain forests of Sri Lanka. GeoJournal 17(2): 245â€“248; https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02432929
World Heritage Convention (2018). Central Highlands of Sri Lanka. In: UNESCO World Heritage Centre, World Heritage List. Available online at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1203. Accessed on 22 February 2018.