Description of life stages of dung beetle Scaptodera rhadamistus (Fabricius, 1775) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) with notes on nesting and biology

Main Article Content

Suvarna S. Khadakkar
Ashish D. Tiple
Arun M. Khurad


Immature stages of Scaptodera rhadamistus (Fabricius) are described for the first time along with notes on nidification and biology.  The larvae differ from other Scarabaeinae species in the structure of raster on tenth sternum with two irregular bunches of serrations ventrally one on either half.  Pupae with pronotum transverse having rounded margins resemble adults, and consist of four lateral, single caudal and single pteronotal support projection.  Adult males and females differ in coloration, structure of pronotum, presence of spine like process on mesosternum and, in the structure of male and female genitalia.

Article Details

Short Communications
Author Biography

Suvarna S. Khadakkar, Centre for Sericulture and Biological Pest Management Research (CSBR), RTM Nagpur University, North Ambazari Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440022, India

PhD Student,

Centre for Sericulture and Biological pest management and Research,

RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur


Arrow, G.J. (1931). Fauna of British India Coleoptera, Lamellicornia Part III (Coprinae). Taylor and Francis, London, 374pp.

Chandra, K. & S.C. Ahirwar (2005). Scarabaeid beetles of Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh. Zoos’ Print Journal 20: 1961–1964.

Chandra, K., S. Khan, D. Gupta & S.P. Singh (2011). Additional records of scarab fauna (Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae) of Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India. National Journal of Life Sciences 8: 65–68.

Edmonds, W.D. & G. Halffter (1978). Taxonomic review of immature dung beetles of the subfamily Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Systematic Entomology 3: 307–331.

Halffter, G. & E.G. Matthews (1966). The natural history of dung beetles of the subfamily Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Folia Entomológica Mexicana 12-14: 1–312.

Hanski, I. & Y. Cambefort (1991). Dung Beetle Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, xiii+481pp.

Hayes, W.P. (1929). Morphology, Taxonomy and Biology of larval Scarabaeoidea. Illinois Biological Monographs. Vol. XII, No. 2. University of Illinois, Illinois, 166pp.

Mittal, I.C. & R.A. Jain (2015). checklist of Indian dung beetles (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae). Indian journal of Entomology 77: 383–404.

Philips, T.K. (2016). Phylogeny of the Oniticellini and Onthophagini dung beetles (Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae) from morphological evidence. Zookeys 579: 9–57.

Ritcher, P.O. (1966). White Grubs and Their Allies. Oregon State University Press, No. 4, 220pp.

Schoolmeesters, P. (2017). Catalogue of life. Available from: Downloaded on 27 March 2017.

Sreedevi, K. & S. Tyagi (2014). Diagnostics in larvae of white grubs (Scarabaeidae: Coleoptera) - important characters. Indian Journal of Entomology 76(2) 169–172.

Veeresh, G.K. (1980). Larval taxonomy of white grubs, with special reference to Melolonthine beetles. Final Report of ICAR Ad-hoc Project, 16–18pp.