A new subspecies of the Malayan Bamboo Bat (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae: Tylonycteris malayana eremtaga) from the Andaman Islands, India

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Chelmala Srinivasulu
Aditya Srinivasulu
Bhargavi Srinivasulu
Gareth Jones


The bamboo bats belonging to the genus Tylonycteris are unique due to their morphology and ecology, and are known from few locations in South Asia.  We collected voucher specimens of Tylonycteris malayana from North Andaman Island, which forms the basis of the first specimen-based record of this species from the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and the second record from India.  Our analyses based on morphometrics, craniodental measurements, bacular morphology and molecular phylogeny based on cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene indicate that the insular population of T. malayana may have diversified in isolation to differ from the mainland forms, and could represent putative new subspecies, described herein.  In light of the new findings, we discuss the importance of conducting detailed study on the specimens of the Lesser Bamboo Bat earlier reported from the Andaman & Nicobar Islands to ascertain their taxonomic status.


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Author Biographies

Chelmala Srinivasulu, Natural History Museum and Wildlife Biology & Taxonomy Lab, Department of Zoology, University College of Science, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana 500007, India

Assistant Professor

Department of Zoology

Aditya Srinivasulu, Biodiversity Research and Conservation Society, 303 Nestcon Orchid, Kanajiguda, Tirumalgiri, Secunderabad, Telangana State – 500015, India

Student Researcher (BRaConS)

Bhargavi Srinivasulu, Wildlife Biology and Taxonomy Lab, Department of Zoology, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana State – 500007, India Systematics, Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, Zoo Outreach Organization, 96, Kumudham Nagar, Vilankurichi Road, Coimbatore 641 035, India

Post-Doctoral Researcher at Wildlife Biology and Taxonomy Lab, Department of Zoology, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana State – 500007, India


Gareth Jones, School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ

Professor of Biological Sciences at School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ


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