Assessment of the release program of the European Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus (Cetartiodactyla: Cervidae) at Ajloun Nature Reserve, Jordan

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E.K. Eid
Y. Ananbeh


The release program of European Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus was launched in 1989 when the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) received a donation of four individuals (two males and two females) from Turkish-Bulgarian border. The aim of the program was to establish a viable population in the former habitat of the species. The program was ongoing for almost 18 years at Ajloun Forest Reserve. On 19 January 2006, 26 individuals (11 males and 15 females) were released in the reserve. After collecting information relating to the breeding and release program, a rapid assessment survey was conducted during August and September 2007. Based on visual census, spoor routes, opportunistic observations and interviews method, a distribution map was produced and it was found that the released population had dispersed inside the reserve. Occasionally, they were found to have wandered outside the reserve, where they used surrounding vineyards for feeding and resting; a total of four individuals of two males and two females were counted. The RSCN has succeeded in establishing a free viable population, in its natural habitat, using effective long-term on-site management. It would be recommendable to establish a socio-economic program, and ongoing outreach programs in order to raise the awareness of the importance of protecting endangered species, and secure continuous funding. a further recommendation would be to provide training in deer management for the ecologist and further staff on the reserve and to implement a monitoring program for the released herd in order to insure the success of the reintroduction program.

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Author Biographies

E.K. Eid

Mr. Ehab Eid obtained his B.Sc degree in biological science from the University of Jordan in 2001. After his graduation, he worked for three years and a half at the Marine Science Station as a research assistant and engaged in studying the marine wildlife of the Gulf of Aqaba. He then moved to work at the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) headquarter as fauna research team leader. He is currently involved in the Masters degree program in conservation, access and management of species in trade; the international framework at the International University of Andalucía, Spain.

Y. Ananbeh

Mr. Yaseen Ananbeh completed his B.Sc. Degree in Agricultural Science from Jordan University for Science and Technology. Now he is working at Ajloun Nature Reserve as site ecologist. He is enrolled in several research programs inside the Reserve.