<B>The Odonata (Insecta) of northern and central Oman</B>

Main Article Content

Elaine M. Cowan
Peter J. Cowan


Oman is largely a desert country with a mainly arid climate.  We summarise published records of Odonata (Insecta) for northern and central Oman, present our photographic records of the same there for 50 sites and give an apparent-status statement for most species (the more afrotropical Dhofar governorate is excluded).  Highlights are photographed Orthetrum ransonnetii, Macrodiplax cora (ovipositing in tandem) and Urothemis thomasi.  Of the 44 species for Oman, 36 have been recorded in northern and central Oman (eight zygopteran and 28 anisopteran species).  All are Least Concern except Arabineura khalidi and Urothemis thomasi, both Endangered, and Paragomphus sinaiticus, Near Threatened.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Elaine M. Cowan, School of Education, University of Aberdeen, AB24 3FX, Scotland, UK

Honorary Senior Lecturer, School of Education

Peter J. Cowan, Department of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, University of Nizwa, Birkat Al Mawz, Sultanate of Oman

Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences and Chemistry


Allodonata (2016). http://www.allodonata.com Last accessed 14 December 2016.

Ball, L. (2014). An investigation of the odonate communities within Wadi Saiq, Dhofar province, Oman (Insecta: Odonata). Check List 10(4): 857–863; http://doi.org/10.15560/10.4.857

Barry, M.J. & D.M. Roberts (2014). Indirect interactions limit the efficiency of Odonata as natural control agents for mosquito larvae. Journal of Insect Behaviour 27: 626–638.

Boudot, J-P. & V.J. Kalkman (eds.) (2015). Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies. KNNV, Netherlands.

Boulaaba, S., S. Zrelli, M. Boumaiza & B. Rossaro (2014). Relationships between physical and chemical factors and aquatic macroinvertebrates in perennial streams in the arid northern mountain basin El Batina, Oman. Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research 46: 50–58.

Campbell, O.J. & R.W. Reimer (2011). An influx of Sympetrum fonscolombii Selys in the United Arab Emirates. Agrion 15(1): 20–21.

Carlisle, T. (2014). DNHG trip to Dimaniyat Islands. Gazelle 29(4): 5–6.

Chelmick, D., R. Seidenbusch, J-P. Boudot & C. Brochard (2016). The exuviae of the Urothemistinae of the Arabian Peninsula including the first description of the exuvia and final instar larva of Urothemis thomasi Longfield 1932 (Odonata: Libellulidae). Tribulus 24: 97–108.

Cowan, E.M. & P.J. Cowan (2013). The dragonflies and damselflies of a wadi pool near Nizwa, northern Oman, 2012–2013. Tribulus 21: 14–23.

Cowan, E.M. & P.J. Cowan (2015). Odonata (Insecta) at a wadi pool near Nizwa, northern Oman. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(9): 7538–7546; http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4207.7538-46

Dijkstra, K-D.B. & V. Clausnitzer (2014). The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa. Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium, 263pp.

Dijkstra, K-D.B. & R. Lewington (2006). Field Guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe. British Wildlife Publishing, Milton on Stour, UK, 320pp.

El-Baz, F. (ed.) (2002). Wadis of Oman. Satellite image atlas. Office of Advisor to His Majesty The Sultan for Cultural Affairs, Muscat, 218pp.

Eriksen, J. & H. Eriksen (2016). http://www.birdsoman.com/photos.htm#insects. Accessed on 21 June 2016.

Feulner, G.R. (1999). Two new UAE damselflies: Ceriagrion glabrum and Pseudagrion decorum. Tribulus 9(2): 31.

Feulner, G.R. (2011). The flora of the Ru’us al-Jibal. Tribulus 19: 4–153.

Feulner, G. (2012). Cross dressing damsels. Gazelle 27(12): 4–5.

Feulner, G.R., R.W. Reimer & R.J. Hornby (2007). An updated illustrated checklist of dragonflies and damselflies of the UAE. Tribulus 17: 37–62.

Fisher, M., S.A. Ghazanfar & A. Spalton (eds.) (1999). The Natural History of Oman. A Festschrift for Michael Gallagher. Backhuys, Leiden, Netherlands, 206pp.

Franković, M. (2012). On a small Odonata collection from the Hatta Pools, northern Oman. Notulae odonatologicae 7: 80–82.

Giles, G.B. (1998). An illustrated checklist of the damselflies and dragonflies of the UAE. Tribulus 8(2): 9–15.

Grunwell, M.J. (2010). Dragonflies and damselflies in the state of Qatar. Journal of the Qatar Natural History Group March 2010 3: 2–15. Access at www.qnhg.org/archive/publications

Grunwell, M. (2012). QNHG talk. Wednesday 3rd October 2012. Access at www.qatarbirds.org/resources

Heidari, H. & H.J. Dumont (2002). An annotated check-list of the Odonata of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 26: 133–150.

IUCN (2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. . Accessed 18 December 2016.

Kunz, B. (2015). First record of Ischnura nursei Morton, 1907 from Oman (Odonata: Coenagrionidae). Libellula 34: 117–124.

Luedeling, E. & A. Buerkert (2008). Typology of oases in northern Oman based on Landsat and SRTM imagery and geological survey data. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 1181–1195.

Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (1988). Plants of Dhofar. Office of Adviser for Conservation of the Environment, Oman, 361pp.

Reimer, R.W. (2008). An extraordinary confluence of events in the study of UAE and Oman Odonata. Agrion 12(2): 55.

Reimer, B. (2009). Additional records for Oman. Agrion 13(2): 45–47.

Reimer, R.W., G.R. Feulner & R.J. Hornby (2009). Errata and addenda: updated illustrated checklist of dragonflies of the UAE - including a third species of Ischnura damselfly. Tribulus 18: 28–36.

Samways, M.J. (2008). Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa. Pensoft, Sofia, 297pp.

Sargeant, D.E. & H. & J. Eriksen (2008). Birdwatching Guide to Oman. Al Roya, Muscat, 256pp.

Schneider, T & H.J. Dumont (2015). Odonata records from southern Iran. Notulae odonatologicae 8(5): 117–155.

Schneider, T. & D. Ikemeyer (2016). Dragonflies of Oman - a revised illustrated checklist (Odonata). Entomologische Zeitschrift, Schwanfeld 126: 137–147.

Schneider, W. & H.J. Dumont (1997). The dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Oman. An updated and annotated checklist. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 16: 89–110.

Schneider, W. & F. Krupp (1993). Dragonfly records from Saudi Arabia, with an annotated checklist of the species from the Arabian Peninsula (Insecta: Odonata). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 13: 63–78.

Smallshire, D. & A. Swash (2014). Britain’s Dragonflies. A Field Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of Britain and Ireland. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 224pp.

Subramanian, K.A. (2009). Dragonflies of India. A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, Noida, India, 168pp.

Tarboton, W. & M. Tarboton (2015). A Guide to the Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa. Struik Nature, Cape Town, 224pp.

Waterston, A.R. & A.R. Pittaway (1991). The Odonata or dragonflies of Oman and neighbouring territories. Journal of Oman Studies 10: 131–168.

Weide, M.T. van der & V.J. Kalkman (2008). Some new records of dragonflies from Oman. Agrion 12(2): 52–54.

Wilson, K. (2008). A brief trip to United Arab Emirates and northern Oman. Agrion 12(2): 56–57.

Wiprächtiger, P. (2010). Oman trip report Libellen–Dragonflies–Libellules. . Downloaded on 21 June 2016.