Density and obligatory feeding habits of an isolated Golden Jackal Canis aureus L. (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) population in Pirotan Island, Gulf of Kachchh, India

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Kamaraj Ramkumaran
Rethnaraj Chandran
Chowdula Satyanarayana
Kailash Chandra
Tikadar Shyamal


Efforts to arrest the decline of carnivorous mammals in isolated ecosystems have received little attention in India.  The present study assesses the population density of a small Golden Jackal population, isolated on a water covered Pirotan Island in the Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park, India.  An average of 12 Golden Jackals/km2 was found inhabiting the Island.  The scat analysis revealed that the major diet of jackals was crab (89.5±2.36 %) followed by fish (2.7±0.82 %).  Only 2.1% of their diets were from the Island source.  They have well adapted to manage their water needs from their obligatory feeding habits.

Article Details

Short Communications
Author Biographies

Kamaraj Ramkumaran, Zoological Survey of India




Chowdula Satyanarayana, Zoological Survey of India, Indian Museum Complex, Kolkata, India

Zoological Survey of India, Scientist -C

Kailash Chandra, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata

Director, Zoological Survey of India, M-Block, New Alipore, Kolkata

Tikadar Shyamal, Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park, Jamnagar

CCF and Director, Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park, Jamnagar


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