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The present study was made to assess the butterfly diversity of Peringome Vayakkara Panchayath located in the Western Ghats during 2012â€“13.Â The area is almost fully inhabited by humans and is under rapid conversion.Â A total of 108 species of butterflies belonging to six families were identified from the study area.Â The number of butterfly species encountered during winter was the highest (101), which decreased to 88 species in summer and it was only 67 during the rainy season.Â Fifty three species, however, were observed throughout the year.Â Seasonal variation on abundance was not very prominent in Papilionidae and Riodinidae.Â But Pieridae, Nymphalidae and Lycaenidae were less during the rainy season.Â On the other hand, Hesperiidae were maximum during the rainy season.Â
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