Habitat utilization by wetland birds of Munderikadavu, a proposed bird sanctuary in northern Kerala, India

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R. Roshnath
V. Shruthi


Munderikadavu is rich in avifaunal diversity. A total of 82 species of birds from 36 families belonging to 13 orders were recorded in the wetland including wetland dependant species. Lowland vegetation had the highest species richness (46 species) followed by upland (41 species), aerial (38 species), emergent vegetation (22 species) and paddy fields (21 species).  Open water had the lowest species richness. Upland vegetation had the highest species diversity (H′-3.19) followed by aerial (H′-2.52).  There was more species overlap between emergent and low land vegetations (Cm-0.7).  The threats in Munderikadavu wetland were dumping of waste and conversion of cultivation land into shrimp farming area. Thus land use changes need to be regulated in order to conserve the wetland and bird community. 


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Author Biographies

R. Roshnath, Center for Wildlife Studies, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Pookode, Kerala 673576, India

R. Roshnath completed M.S. wildlife studies from Centre for Wildlife Studies and he is presently a PhD scholar in Central University of Kerala. His research interest is in the field of ornithology and currently working on the impact of climate and landuse change in heronry birds of Malabar.  


V. Shruthi, Central University of Kerala, Riverside Transit Campus, Padannakkad, Nileshwar, Kerala 671314, India

V. Shruthi  completed her post-graduation in Animal sciences from Central University of Kerala and presently working in a government sector. 



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