Project hunt: an assessment of wildlife hunting practices by local community in Chizami, Nagaland, India

Main Article Content

Erekhrou Naro
Erite L. Mero
Ezekolhi Naro
Kekhrowu-u Kapfo
Khrobeu Wezah
Khromeseu Thopi
Kuweu Rhakho
Lhitshewe Akami
Lhitshou Thopi
Metshewe-u Chirhah
Tekhewulo Chirhah
Tekhewu-u Tsuhah
Tshekulhi Thopi
Wekhrode Wezah
Wetolo-u L. Mero
Wetshokhro Thopi
Kewekhrozo Thopi
Tshetsholo Naro
Wekoweu Tsuhah
Neelesh Dahanukar
Payal B. Molur


Hunting is suggested as a major threat to Indian wildlife, especially in the northeastern states. In Nagaland hunting has a traditional and cultural significance, which should be taken into consideration by conservation efforts.  Limited information is available on this issue, and in order to establish a baseline for efforts aimed at education and implementation of conservation programmes, in this study we investigated various aspects of hunting practices in Chizami Village, Nagaland.  Our study involved general voting by 868 people and detailed interviews of 80 hunters, and explores the demography of hunters, hunting areas, hunting preference for season and animals, methods of hunting, reasons for hunting and willingness to cease hunting.  Our results indicate that education could be an important primer for initiating biological conservation efforts in Chizami and other areas.


Article Details



Aiyadurai, A. (2011). Wildlife hunting and conservation in Northeast India: a need for an interdisciplinary understanding. International Journal of Galliformes Conservation 2: 61–73.

Aiyadurai, A., N.J. Singh & E.J. Milner-Gulland (2010). Wildlife hunting by indigenous tribes: a case study from Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Oryx 44: 564–572;

Bhupathy, S., S.R. Kumar, P. Thirumalainathan, J. Paramanandham & C. Lemba (2013). Wildlife exploitation: a market survey in Nagaland, North-eastern India. Tropical Conservation Science 6: 241–253.

Census of India (2011). Accessed on 15 November 2014.

Choudhury, A. (2001). Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India. Forktail 17: 91–103.

Choudhury, A. (2005). Significant Record of Birds in Nagaland, north-east India. Forktail 21: 187–190.

Choudhury, A. (2006). The distribution and status of Hoolock Gibbon, Hoolock hoolock, in Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland in northeast India. Primate Conservation 20: 79–87;

Datta, A., M.O. Anand & R. Naniwadekar (2008). Empty forests: Large carnivore and prey abundance in Namdapha National Park, north-east India. Biological Conservation 141: 1429–1435;

Hammer, Ø., D.A.T. Harper & P.D. Ryan (2001). PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4: 1–9.

Harrison, R.D. (2011). Emptying the forest: hunting and the extirpation of wildlife from tropical nature reserves. BioScience 61(11): 919–924;

Kamins, A.O., O. Restif, Y. Ntiamoa-Baidu, R. Suu-Ire, D.T.S. Hayman, A.A. Cunningham, J.L.N. Wood & J.M. Rowcliffe (2011). Uncovering the fruit bat bushmeat commodity chain and the true extent of fruit bat hunting in Ghana, West Africa. Biological Conservation 144(12): 3000–3008;

Kothari, A. & N. Pathak (2006). Protected areas,community basedconservation and decentralisation: Lessons from India. A report prepared for theEcosystems, Protected Areas, and People

Project (EPP) of the IUCNWorld Commission on Protected Areas. (accessed on 14 June 2015)

Kumara, H.N. & M. Singh (2004). The influence of differing hunting practices on the relative abundance of mammals in two rainforest areas of the Western Ghats, India. Oryx 38: 321–327;

Lohe, K. (2011). Naga Village: A Sociological Study. EBH Publishers, Guwahati, India, 286pp.

Mittermeier, R.A., P.R. Gil, M. Hoffman, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C.G. Mittermeier, J. Lamoreux & G.A.B. da Fonseca (2005). Hotspots Revisited: Earth’s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. Cemex, Mexico, 392pp.

Naro, T. & S. Sondhi (2014). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Chizami, Phek District, Nagaland, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(13): 6593–6634;

Nasi, R., A. Taber & N.V. Vliet (2011). Empty forests, empty stomachs? Bushmeat and livelihoods in the Congo and Amazon Basins. International Forestry Review 13(3): 355–368;

Selvan, K.M., G.G. Veeraswami, B. Habib & S. Lyngdoh (2013). Losing threatened and rare wildlife to hunting in Ziro Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Current Science 104: 1492–1495

Sethy, J. & N.P.S. Chauhan (2012). Conservation status of Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) in Nagaland State, North-East India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 1: 103–109.

Shikhu, I.Y. (2007). A Rediscovery and Rebuilding of Naga Cultural Values: An Analytical Approach with Special Reference to Maori. Regency Publications, New Delhi, 255p.

Srivastava, A. (2006). Conservation of Threatened Primates of Northeast India. Primate Conservation 20: 107–113;

Thopi, K. (2005). Chizami and neighbouring villages, Phek. Accessed on 15 November 2014.

Tynsong, H., B.K. Tiwari & M. Dkhar (2012). Bird hunting techniques practised by War Khasi community of Meghalaya, North-east, India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 11: 334–341.

Velho, N. & W.F. Laurance (2013). Hunting practices of an Indo-Tibetan Buddhist tribe in Arunachal Pradesh, north-east India. Oryx 47: 389–392;

Welman, F. (2011). Out of Isolation: Exploring a Forgotten World. Booksmango, 512p.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>