Channa pardalis, a new species of snakehead (Teleostei: Channidae) from Meghalaya, northeastern India

Main Article Content

J.D. Marcus Knight


Channa pardalis, a new species of snakehead, is described from Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, northeastern India.  This species can be distinguished from its congeners by a unique colour pattern consisting of numerous large black spots on the post-orbital region of the head, opercle and body; a broad white and black margin to the dorsal, anal and caudal fins; 36–37 dorsal fin rays; 24–25 anal fin rays; 44–45 pored scales on the body and two scales on the caudal fin base; 4½ scales above lateral line and 6½ scales below lateral line; 45 vertebrae and the palatine with two rows of teeth: outer row with numerous minute teeth and inner row with short, stout inward curved teeth. 


Article Details

Short Communications


Britz, R. (2008). Channa ornatipinnis and C. pulchra, two new species of dwarf snakeheads from Myanmar (Teleostei: Channidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 8(for 2007): 335–344.

Britz, R. (2013). Channa andrao, a new species of dwarf snakehead from West Bengal, India (Teleostei: Channidae). Zootaxa 3731(2): 287–294;

Cuvier, G. (1829). Le regne animal distribue d’apres son organisation, pour servir de base a l’histoire naturelle des animaux et d’introduction a l’anatomie comparee. Deterville, Paris, 2: xv+406pp;

Cuvier, G. & A. Valenciennes (1831). Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Tome septième. Levrault, Paris, xxix+531pp, pls. 170–208.

Geetakumari, K. & W. Vishwanath (2011). Channa melanostigma, a new species of freshwater snakehead from north-east India (Teleostei: Channidae). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 107(for 2010): 231–235.

Gunther, A. (1861). Catalogue of The Acanthopterygian Fishes in The Collection of The British Museum - Vol. 3. British Museum, London, xxv+586pp;

Hamilton, F. (1822). An Account of the Fishes of River Ganges and its Branches. George Ramsay and Co., London, 405pp;

Kottelat, M. (2000). Nomenclature and types of Ophicephalus marginatus and O. limbatus (Teleostei: Channidae). Journal of South Asian Natural History 5(1): 95–96.

Kottelat, M. (2013). The fishes of the inland waters of Southeast Asia: A catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 27 (Supplement): 1–663.

Liem, K.F. (1980). Air ventilation in advanced teleosts: biomechanical and evolutionary aspects, pp. 57–91. In: Ali, M.A. (ed.). Environmental physiology of fishes. Plenum Press, New York;

M’Clelland, J. (1842). On the freshwater fishes collected by William Griffith during his travels from 1835 to 1842. Cal J Nat Hist, Miscellaneous Arts and Sciences in India 2(8): 560–589, pls. 6, 15, 18, 21.

Musikasinthorn, P. (1998). Channa panaw, a new channid fish from the Irrawaddy and Sittang basins, Myanmar. Ichthyological Research 45: 355–362;

Musikasinthorn, P. (2000). Channa aurantimaculata, a new channid fish from Assam (Brahmaputra River basin), India, with designation of a neotype for C. amphibeus (McClelland, 1845). Ichthyological Research 47: 27–37.

Playfair, R. L. (1867). On the fishes of Cachar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, (pt 1): 14-17, Pl. 3

Taylor, W.R. & G.C. van Dyke (1985). Revised procedures for staining and clearing small fishes and other vertebrates for bone and cartilage study. Cybium 9: 107–119.