First record of Scotophilus kuhlii Leach, 1821 (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Nepal

Main Article Content

Dibya Dahal
Sanjan Thapa
Khadga Basnet


Occurrence of Scotophilus kuhlii was speculated throughout the southern plain (Tarai) of Nepal.  However, there was no record of voucher specimen of the species from Nepal. We collected a specimen from the Tikulia tole, Pakali Village Development Committee, Sunsari District of southeastern Nepal and deposited at Central Department of Zoology (CDZ) Museum, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu.  The specimen was identified as S. kuhlii based on measurement of external body, cranial, dental parts and detail description of the species.  This is the first specific locality record of the species from Nepal that confirms its presence in the country.


Article Details

Short Communications


Acharya P., H. Adhikari, S. Dahal, A. Thapa & S. Thapa (2010). Bats of Nepal, A Field Guide. Small Mammals Conservation and Research Foundation, New Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Baral, H.S. & K.B. Shah (2008). Wild Mammals of Nepal. Himalayan Nature, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Bates, P.J.J. & D.L. Harrison (1997). Bats of Indian Subcontinent. Harrison Zoological Museum Publication, Sevenoaks, United Kingdom, 258pp.

Bates, P., T. Kingston, C. Francis, G. Rosell-Ambal, L. Heaney, J.-C. Gonzales, S. Molur, S. & C. Srinivasulu (2008). Scotophilus kuhlii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T20068A9142479. Downloaded on 19 January 2016.

Conservation International (2007). Downloaded on 21 March 2012.

Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill (1992). The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region. Natural History Museum / OUP, 488pp.

Das, P.K. (2003). Studies on some Indian Chiroptera from West Bengal. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 217: 1–164.

R.A.R.S.T (2014). Annual Report 2070/71 (2013/14). Regional Agricultural Research Station, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Tarahara, Sunsari, Nepal, xii+109pp.

Hill, J.E. & K. Thonglongya (1972). Bats from Thailand and Cambodia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Zoology) 22(6): 173–196.

Jnawali, S.R., H.S. Baral, S. Lee, K.P. Acharya, G.P. Upadhyay, M. Pandey, M., R. Shrestha, D. Joshi, B.R. Laminchhane, J. Griffiths, A.P. Khatiwada, N. Subedi & R. Amin. (compilers) (2011). The Status of Nepal Mammals: The National Red List Series, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal, viii+266pp.

Leach, W.E. (1821). The characters of three new genera of bats without foliaceous appendages to the nose. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 13: 69–72.

Khan, M.A.R. (2001). Status and distribution of bats in Bangladesh with notes on their ecology. Zoos’ Print Journal 16(5): 479–483;

Korad, V., K. Yardi & R. Raud (2007). Diversity and Distribution of Bats in the Western Ghats of India. Zoos’ Print Journal 22(7): 2752–2758;

Molur S., G. Marimuthu, C. Srinivasulu, S. Mistry, A. Hutson, P.J.J. Bates, S. Walker, K.P. Priya & A.R.B. Priya (eds.) (2002). Status of South Asian Chiroptera: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P.) Workshop Report. Zoo Outreach Organisation, Conservation Breeding Specialist Group South Asia and Wildlife Information & Liaison Development Society, Coimbatore, India.

Olson, D.M. & E. Dinerstein (2002). The Global 200: priority ecoregions for global conservation. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89: 199–224.

Pearch, M.J. (2011). A review of the biological diversity and distribution of small mammal taxa in the terrestrial ecoregions and protected areas of Nepal. Zootaxa 3072: 286.

Shrestha, T.K. (1997). Mammals of Nepal. Bimala Shrestha, R.K. Printers, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Simmons, N. (2005). Order Chiroptera, pp. 312–529. In: Wilson D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic. Reference. 3rd Edition - Vol. 1. The

John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, xxxv+2142pp.

Srinivasulu, B., C. Srinivasulu & P. Venkateshwarlu (2010). First record of Lesser Yellow House Bat Scotophilus kuhlii Leach, 1821 from Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India with a note on its diet. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(10): 1234­–1236;

Srinivasulu, C. & B. Srinivasulu (2012). South Asian Mammals, Their Diversity, Distribution and Status. Springer, USA, xi+467pp+10 illus. in color.

Suwal, R. & W.J.M. Verheugt (1995). Enumeration of Mammals of Nepal. Biodiversity Profiles Project Publication No. 6. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Vanitharani, J. (2006). Noteworthy representatives of bat species in Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Tamil Nadu. Journal of Theoretical and Experimental Biology 2(2): 47–59.