Freshwater Ostracoda (Crustacea) of India - a checklist

Main Article Content

M. Karuthapandi
D.V. Rao
B. Xavier Innocent


Based on review of earlier literatures on freshwater Ostracoda of India, 152 valid species belonging to 38 genera, five families and two super families are recorded. The study of freshwater Ostracoda in India is still limited. The present study emphasizes that there is a need for further revision of this group because most are not described in detail, which contributes to their uncertain status. 

Article Details



Arora, G.L. (1931). Fauna of Lahore 2 Entomostraca (Water fleas) of Lahore. Bulletin of the Department of Zoology University of the Punjab 1: 62–100.

Baird, W. (1859). Description of some new recent Entomostraca from Nagpur collected by Rev. S. Hislope. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1859: 213–234.

Battish, S.K. (1978). A new genus and new species of Cypridid Ostracod from India, with notes on its biology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 64: 283–292;

Battish, S.K. (1981). Freshwater Ostracods of the subfamily Cyprinotinae from Punjab, India with description of eight new species. Journal of Natural History Society 15: 645–669;

Battish, S.K. (1998). A new species of Cypridid Ostracod from India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of Calcutta 52(1): 33–37.

Brehm, V. (1950). Contributions to the freshwater fauna of India. Records of the Indian Museum 48(2): 9–28.

Deb, M. (1972). Two new species of Stenocypris Sars, 1889. Journal of the Zoological Society of India 1: 91–95.

Deb, M. (1973a). First record of the genus Sclerocypris, Sars 1924 (Crustacea: Ostracods) from India with description of two new species. Journal of the Zoological Society of India 25: 47–52.

Deb, M. (1973b). Fauna of Rajasthan (India): Crustacea-Ostracoda. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 67: 233–259.

Deb, M. (1973c). Notes on a collection of Ostracoda from Delhi. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 67: 309–313.

Deb, M. (1983). Brief descriptions of new species on Ostracoda: Crustacea from Maharashtra state (India). Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81: 135–166.

Dudgeon, D., A.H. Arthington, M.O. Gessner, Z. Kawabata, D.J Knowler, C. Leveque, R.J. Naiman, A. Prieur-Richared, D. Soto, M.L.J. Stiassny, & C.A. Sullivan (2006). Freshwater Biodiversity: Importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Reviews 81: 163–182.

George, S., K. Martens & C.K.G. Nayar (1993). Two new species of freshwater Ostracoda of the genus Parastenocypris Hartmann, 1964 from Kerala, India. Hydrobiologia 254: 183–193;

George, S. & K. Martens (2002). On a new species of Potamocypris (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from Chalakkudy River, Kerala (India), with a checklist of the Potamocypris species of the world. Zootaxa 66: 1–15.

George, S. & K. Martens (2003). On a new species of the genus Newnhamia King, 1855 (Crustacea, Ostracoda) raised from Chalakkudy River sand, (Kerala, India), with notes on the taxonomy and distribution of the Notodromadidae. Hydrobiologia 497: 25–37;

George, S & K. Martens (2004). On the taxonomic position of Indiacypridinae (Crustacea, Ostracoda) with description of a new species of Indiacypris Hartmann, 1964 from Chalakkudy River (Kerala, India). Journal of Natural History 38: 537–548;

Gupta, L.P. (1984). Indocandona krishnakanti gen. et. sp. nov. (Crustacea: Ostracoda: Candonidae) from subterranean water of Bihar, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81: 291–298.

Gupta, L.P. (1988). Candonopis urmilae, a new species of subterranean Crustacea (Ostracoda: Candonidae) from India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 85: 419–427.

Gupta, L.P. (1991). Studies on Crustacea (Ostracoda) of Bihar, India. II. Centrocypris indicus sp. nov. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 89: 147–153.

Harshey, D.K. (1996). On some new records of fresh water Ostracods (Crustacea: Entomostraca) from India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 95(3–4): 215–227.

Harshey, D.K. (2008). Crustacea (Ostracoda). Faunal Diversity of Jabalpur District, Madhya Pradesh. Edited by the Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata. 63-75.

Harshey, D.K. & J. Thilak (2011). Freshwater Ostracods (Arthropoda: Creustacea). Zoological Survey of India, Fauna of Madhya Pradesh (including Chhattisgarh), State Fauna Series 15(3): 31–44.

Harshey, D.K. & R. Victor (1983). On Parastenocypris biswasi (Deb), 1972-A freshwater Ostracoda (Crustacea: Ostracoda) from India. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 80: 177–182.

Harshey, D.K. & A.K. Srinivasan (1984). A new species of Strandesia Vavra, 1895 (Crustacea: Ostracoda) from India. Biovigyanam 13(2): 104–106.

Harshey, D.K & A.K. Shrivastava (1983). Some new recodes of freshwater ostracods from India. Current Science 52(15): 741–742.

Harshey, D.K., A.K. Shrivastava & S.G. Patil (1987). Three new species of Strandesia Vavra, 1895 (Crustacea: Entomostraca) from India. Journal of Current Bioscience 45(2): 43–48.

Harshey, D.K & S.G. Patil (1988). New species of Strandesia jabalpurensis from India. Journal of Biosciences 5(1): 6–10.

Hartmann, G. (1964). Asiatische Ostracoden, Systamatische und Zoogeographische untersuchungen. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Systematische Beihefte 3: 1–155.

Horne, D.J., A. Cohen & K. Martens (2002). Taxonomy, morphology and biology of quaternary and living ostracoda, pp. 5–36. In: Holmes J.A. & A.R. Chivas (eds.). The Ostracoda Applications in Quaternary Research. Geophysics Monograph-131.

Jayasree, T., K.S. Rao, K.A. Singh & K. Sunil (1994). Observations on the Ostracoda fauna of central India with special reference to the western Narmada basin. Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries 1(2): 41–50.

Karanovic, I. (2012). Recent freshwater Ostracods of the World - Crustacea, Ostracoda, Podocopida. Published by Springer, London. 1–608.

Karanovic, I. & Y.R. Reddy (2008). The second representatives of the genus Indocandona Gupta (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from a well in southestern India. Crustaceana 72: 603–610.

Klie, W. (1927). Zur ke nutnis der Mikrofauna von British Inidan. Records of the Indian Museum 1: 157–165.

Martens, K & Savatenalinton (2011). Monograph: A subjective checklist of the Recent, free-living non-marine Ostracoda (Crustacea). Zootaxa 2855: 1–79.

Martens, K., I. Schon, C. Meisch & D.J. Horne (2008). Global diversity of Ostracods (Ostracoda, Crustacea) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595: 185–193;

Martin, J.W. & G.E. Davis (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, Science series 39: 1–124.

Patil, S.G. (2002). Freshwater Ostracoda, pp. 87–90. In: Fauna of Ujani. Zoological Survey of India, Wetland Ecosystem Series 3.

Patil, S.G & S.S. Talmale (2005a). The freshwater Ostracoda, pp. 63–75. In: Anon. (ed.). Fauna of Nathsagar Wetland. Zoological Survey of India, Wetland Ecosystem Series 7.

Patil, S.G. & S.S. Talmale (2005b). A checklist of freshwater Ostracods (Ostracoda: Crustacea) of Maharashtra, India. Zoos’ Print Journal 20(5): 1872-1873;

Patil, S.G. & S.S. Talmale (2012). Freshwater Ostracods, pp. 309–319. In: Director (ed.). Fauna of Maharashtra Part-2 Invertebrate. Zoological Survey of India, State Fauna series 20.

Venkataraman, K. (1999). Three species of freshwater Ostracoda (Crustacea) from Tamilnadu. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 97(3): 91–96.

Venkataraman, K. & Krishnamoorthy (1998). Crustacea - Faunal Diversity in India. Published by ENVIS center, Zoological survey of India, Calcutta, 134–144.

Victor, R. & C.H. Fernando (1979). The freshwater Ostracods (Crustacea: Ostracoda) of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 74(2): 147–242.

Victor, R. & C.H. Fernando (1981). Freshwater Ostracods (Crustacea: Ostracoda) of the subfamily Dolerocypridinae Triebel, 1961 from Southeast Asia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 107–116.

Victor, R. & R.G. Michael (1975). Nine new species of freshwater Ostracods from Madurai area in southern India. Florida Museum of Natural History 9: 361–376;