Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | 26 March 2022 | 14(3): 20758–20772

 

ISSN 0974-7907 (Online) | ISSN 0974-7893 (Print) 

https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6754.14.3.20758-20772

#6754 | Received 30 September 2020 | Final received 09 December 2021 | Finally accepted 02 March 2022

 

 

A checklist of blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria) from Punjab, India

 

Yadvinder Singh 1* , Gurdarshan Singh 2, D.P. Singh 3  & J.I.S. Khattar 4*

 

1,2 Department of Botany and Environmental Science, Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab 140406, India.

3,4 Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab 147002, India.

 1 yadbotany@gmail.com, 2 gurdarshanrangra@gmail.com, 3 dp.khokhar@rediffmail.com, 4 jisk_pbi@rediffmail.com

* (corresponding authors)

 

 

Editor: K. Priyadarshani, Y.C. Institute of Science, Satara, India.                 Date of publication: 26 March 2022 (online & print)

 

Citation: Singh, Y., G. Singh, D.P. Singh & J.I.S. Khattar (2022). A checklist of blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria) from Punjab, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(3): 20758–20772. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6754.14.3.20758-20772

 

Copyright: © Singh et al. 2022. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  JoTT allows unrestricted use, reproduction, and distribution of this article in any medium by providing adequate credit to the author(s) and the source of publication.

 

Funding: Early career research grant (No. ECR/2017/001103) from SERB-DST, New Delhi to Yadvinder Singh (YS).

 

Competing interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

 

Author details: Dr. Yadvinder Singh is working as Assistant Professor (Botany) in Department of Botany and Environmental Science of Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University. He has published extensively on various aspects of extremophilic cyanobacteria, fresh water limnology and ecology, bioremediation potential of cyanobacteria, cyanobacterial systematics and phylogenetics. Mr. Gurdarshan Singh currently doing his PhD at Department of Botany and Environmental Science, Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University. He is doing his research work on the water quality and diversity of blue green algae (cyanobacteria) from the wetlands of Punjab, India.  Prof. D.P. Singh is working as Professor (Botany) and Head in Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala. He is the member of various professional bodies and organizations. He has published a number of research papers in journals of international repute and several book chapters, having more than 674 citations with 15 h-index and 22 i10-index.  Prof. J.I.S. Khattar is working as Professor (Botany), Department of Botany, Punjabi University. He has published 65 research papers in reputed International Journals on various aspects of algae including the physiology & biochemistry of cyanobacteria, environmental microbiology, and cyanobacterial biotechnology. He was completed 07 research projects sponsored by various funding agencies. He has guided 27 Ph.D. and M.Phil. students in their research projects.

 

Author contributions: Conceptualization (YS, JISK & DPS), investigation (GS & YS), writing (GS), original draft (YS & GS), writing - review & editing (GS, YS, JISK & DPS).

 

Acknowledgements: The authors are thankful to the vice-chancellor, Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab, India for providing laboratory facilities and SERB-DST, New Delhi for financial assistance in the form research project (ECR/2017/001103).

 

 

 

Abstract: A checklist of Cyanobacteria (Blue-green algae) has been made by reviewing available literature in order to contribute to the knowledge of biodiversity of algae in the Punjab state of India. The list records 317 taxa of the phylum Cyanobacteria distributed among 74 genera, 32 families, and six orders. The order Oscillatoriales has 115 taxa, followed by Nostocales (84), Synechococcales (60), Chroococcales (49), Spirulinales (8), and Pleurocapsales (1). The family Nostocaceae has the maximum number of genera followed by Microcoleaceae, Chroococcaceae, Oscillatoriaceae and other reported families. The genera with the highest number of species were Phormidium (39 species), Lyngbya (15 species), Oscillatoria (14 species), and Leptolyngbya & Scytonema (13 species each). The checklist revealed a high degree of species richness within phylum Cyanobacteria found in Punjab. This checklist can provide a baseline for future floristic studies with taxonomically updated/accepted name of genera/species of cyanobacteria.

 

Keywords: Algae, biogeography, cyanophyceae, diversity, documentation, inventory, taxonomy.

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Cyanobacteria, also known as Blue-green algae, are oxygenic photosynthetic prokaryotes belonging to the class Cyanophyceae. It has been estimated that these organisms originated nearly 3.5–3.8 billion years ago at the beginning of Archean era (Schopf 2002; Blank & Sanchez-Baracaldo 2010; Sleep 2010). Cyanobacteria occur in diverse range of aquatic and terrestrial habitats including extreme environments (Whitton & Potts 2000; Singh et al. 2014, 2018; Kimambo et al. 2019). They show high degree of phenotypic variation when compared to other prokaryotic organisms (Dvořák et al. 2017). Traditionally these organisms have been identified and categorized mainly using morphological features such as dimension, shape of vegetative and perennation stage, colour & characteristics of sheath, branching pattern, and cell contents (Komárek & Anagnostidis 1998, 2005; Komárek 2013). Presently, the advancement and use of modern taxonomic tools including ultrastructural studies, 16S rRNA gene, 16S-23S rRNA ITS region and cpcB-cpcA IGS region of phycocyanin locus has lead to the changes in taxonomic position of various cyanobacterial genera/species (Komárek 2014). The ability of cyanobacteria to release exopolysaccharides and fix atmospheric nitrogen is pertinent in maintaining a healthy condition of the soil; addidtionally, this ability can further assist with the reclamation of barren land (Singh et al. 2016). In recent years, cyanobacterial research has gained greater academic interest as many species in this phylum have been identified to be a potential source of various value-added products such as biofertilizers, biofuels, and bioactive compounds. Cyanobacteria is also an attractive laboratory model that is used for genetic studies to understand their adaptation to extreme conditions and climatic changes. (Abed et al. 2008; Al-Haj 2016; Singh et al. 2017; Kumar et al. 2019).

Cyanobacteria have been reported from various habitats in Punjab including wetlands, paddy fields and polluted water etc. (Vasishta 1960a, 1961, 1962a,b, 1963; Pandhol 1974; Grover & Pandhol 1975; Mehta 1975; Sarma et al. 1979; Dhingra 2006; Singh et al. 2009; Khattar et al. 2015). Despite an increase in research effort, knowledge regarding the diversity and distribution of cyanobacteria in Punjab is still inconsistent. Thus there is need for an updated species checklist in order to contribute to the current knowledge of cyanobacterial diversity of the state. Although, in Gupta (2012) published a checklist of cyanobacteria from India in which 218 cyanobacterial taxa were reported from Punjab, the present study adds 99 taxa to this list, hence increasing the total to 317 taxa. Since cyanobacteria are an important component of the aquatic ecosystem, cyanobacterial wealth of the state should be known so that these can be collected and cultured for future studies. 

The objective of this work was to revise and organize all available exist-ing taxonomic data for cyanobacteria of recent taxonomic revisions in the state of Punjab. The checklist could serve as a baseline for future diversity, limnological, environmental impact assessment, bio-geographic distribution and speciation studies. Creation of a checklist is the most basic taxonomic work on a group of organisms arranged in systematic or alphabetical order.  The checklist prepared during present work is done in a systematic order by reviewing the available literature up to September 2020. This is the first complete checklist of cyanobacteria from Punjab covering all currently accepted species names and their synonyms.

 

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS

 

This checklist has been prepared by consulting available literature including research papers and dissertations (PhD/ M.Phil/ MSc.). Data were compiled by reviewing diversity, taxonomy and ecological studies containing lists of cyanobacteria identified up to species level. Geographically, Punjab is situated in the north of the country between 29.30–32.32 °N and 73.55–76.50 °E (Figure 1). The climate of Punjab is continental, semiarid to sub-humid, it experiences both extreme summer and winter with annual rainfall of 58–96 cm (Gosal 2004; Krishan et al. 2015). The texture of soil in Punjab varies from coarse to fine sand, silt, and loam (Dhingra 2006). Cyanobacterial species recorded in this checklist were identified by various workers from the year 1936 to 2020.  In this checklist species were arranged taxonomically by following the classification system recommended by Komárek (2014). Additionally, the taxonomic position,  authorities and the currently accepted name was verified from AlgaeBase website (Guiry & Guiry 2020).

 

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

 

This compiled checklist revealed that cyanobacterial diversity within Punjab is represented by 317 taxa (297 species, 13 varieties, and 7 forms) belonging to 74 genera and five orders (i.e., Chroococcales, Synechococcales, Spirulinales, Oscillatoriales, and Nostocales) of Class Cyanophyceae (Table 1). On the basis of number of species, order Oscillatoriales (36%) is found to be the most diverse followed by Nostocales (27%), Synechococcales (19%), Chroococcales (15%), and Spirulinales (3%) (Figure 2). Among the genera, genus Phormidium had the maximum number of species, i.e., 39 followed by Lyngbya with 15 species, Oscillatoria with 14 species, Leptolyngbya and Scytonema with 13 species each. The families with the highest number of taxa were Oscillatoriaceae (72), Nostocaceae (51), Microcoleaceae (30), Microcystaceae (22) and Merismopediaceae (16). Vasishta (1960d, 1961, 1963b) reported 117 cyanobacterial taxa from Hoshiarpur district of Punjab. Grover and Pandhol (1974) reported 62 cyanobacterial species from paddy fields of Punjab. Sarma et al. (1979) identified 67 cyanobacterial species from varied localities in Patiala district of Punjab. Extensive floristic work performed by Dhingra (2006) on blue-green algae reported 158 species from moist soils, wetlands, ponds, roadside puddles, bricked and cemented surfaces from various localities of Punjab. Singh et al. (2009) studied cyanobacterial diversity from the rice fields of Patiala district and reported 25 cyanobacterial species from the study area.

The taxonomic identity of 87 cyanobacterial taxa previously reported from Punjab on their morphology has been revised with the help of modern taxonomic tools (marked with ‘*’ in Table 1). Current accepted names of such taxa were updated following Algaebase. Taxonomic revision is continuous leading to the revision of taxonomic status as well as the nomenclature of the organism. Application of modern ecological, ultra-structural and molecular methods, aided by the cultivation of numerous cyanobacterial morphotypes, has substantially changed our knowledge of these organisms (Komárek 2006). Modern taxonomic tools have also enabled major advances in cyanobacterial taxonomy and aided with the criteria used for their phylogenetic classification (Komárek 2006, 2014).

Cyanobacteria recorded from Punjab inhabit varied habitats from planktonic to terrestrial and epilithic to epiphytic. Observations made from the present checklist note that the number of cyanobacterial species growing on terrestrial habitats (110) were greater than planktonic (84), epilithic (26), and epiphytic (15) (Table 1). However, 78 cyanobacterial species were reported from more than one habitat (Table 1, Figure 3). They colonize large portions of the available terrestrial habitats due to its ability of ‘anhydrobiosis’  (Billi & Potts 2002; Alpert 2005). Moreover, they have a wide distribution range due to their unimaginable adaptive capacities (Gaysina 2019).

In conclusion, as a first complete and updated checklist of cyanobacteria from Punjab this will provide a baseline data for future floristic study. The explored and poorly explored regions of Punjab in terms of number of cyanobacterial taxa are highlighted in Figure 1.  We can also assume that future studies of cyanobacterial diversity from poorly explored regions will increase the number of species by exploring more unexplored habitats of Punjab. 

 

 

Table 1. Checklist of cyanobacteria recorded for the state of Punjab, India.

 

 

 

Taxonomic Assignment

Planktonic

Terrestrial

Epilithic

Epiphytic/ Endophytic

References

 

Class: Cyanophyceae

 

 

 

 

 

Subclass: Synechococcophycidae

 

 

 

 

 

Order: Synechococcales

 

 

 

 

 

Family: Synechococcaceae

 

 

 

 

 

1

Anathece clathrata (West & G.S.West) Komárek, Kastovsky & Jezberová

*Aphanothece clathrata West & G.S.West

+

-

-

-

16

2

Rhabdogloea minuta B. Hickel

+

-

-

-

16

3

Synechococcus elongatus (Nägeli) Nägeli

+

+

-

-

16, 20

 

Family Merismopediaceae

 

 

 

 

 

4

Aphanocapsa biformis A.Braun

+

-

-

-

7

5

Aphanocapsa delicatissima West & G.S.West

-

+

-

-

12

6

Aphanocapsa elachista West & G.S.West

-

+

-

-

12

7

Aphanocapsa grevillei (Berkeley) Rabenhorst

+

-

-

-

16

8

Aphanocapsa koordersi K.M.Strøm

+

-

-

-

16

9

Aphanocapsa muscicola (Meneghini) Wille

*Aphanocapsa montana Cramer

+

+

+

-

1, 7, 12

10

Aphanocapsa roseana De Bary

-

+

-

-

12

11

 Aphanocapsa stagnalis (Lemmermann) R.N.Beljakova

*Microcystis stagnalis (Lemmermann) Lemmermann

+

-

-

-

12, 16

12

Limnococcus limneticus (Lemmermann) Komárková, Jezberová, O.Komárek & Zapomelová

*Chroococcus limneticus Lemmermann

+

-

-

-

10

13

Merismopedia elegans A. Braun ex Kützing

+

-

-

-

16, 25

14

Merismopedia glauca (Ehrenberg) Kützing

*Merismopedia aeruginea Brébisson

+

+

-

-

7, 10, 16

15

Merismopedia sparsa Komárek & G.Cronberg

+

-

-

-

30

16

Merismopedia tranquilla (Ehrenberg) Trevisan

*Merismopedia punctata Meyen

+

+

-

-

2, 12, 16

17

Merismopedia warmingiana (Lagerheim) Forti

+

+

+

-

16

18

Synechocystis aquatilis Sauvageau

+

+

-

-

10, 11, 16

19

Synechocystis pevalekii Ercegovic

+

+

+

-

11, 19, 21

 

Family Coelosphaeriaceae

 

 

 

 

 

20

Coelosphaerium aerugineum Lemmermann

+

-

-

-

16

21

Coelosphaerium dubium Grunow

+

-

-

-

16

22

Snowella lacustris (Chodat) Komárek & Hindák

+

-

-

-

16

 

Family Pseudanabaenaceae

 

 

 

 

 

23

Limnothrix redekei (Goor) Meffert

-

+

-

-

21

24

Pseudanabaena amphigranulata (Goor) Anagnostidis

*Oscillatoria amphigranulata Goor

+

-

-

-

10

25

Pseudanabaena catenata Lauterborn

+

+

-

-

16

26

Pseudanabaena galeata Böcher

+

-

-

-

16

27

Pseudanabaena limnetica (Lemmermann) Komárek

+

-

-

-

16

28

Pseudanabaena minima (G.S.An) Anagnostidis

+

+

-

-

16

29

Pseudanabaena mucicola (Naumann & Huber-Pestalozzi) Schwabe

*Phormidium mucicola Nauman & Huber-Pestalozzi

-

+

+

-

16, 20

 

Family Leptolyngbyaceae

 

 

 

 

 

30

Leibleinia gracilis (Rabenhorst ex Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Lyngbya gracilis (Menegh) Rabenhorst ex Gomont

+

+

-

-

11

31

Leptolyngbya africana (Lemmermann) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Phormidium africanum Lemmermann

-

+

-

-

12, 20

32

Leptolyngbya amplivaginata (Goor) Anagnostidis & Komárek

+

-

-

-

16

33

Leptolyngbya boryana (Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Plectonema boryanum Gomont

-

+

-

-

31

34

Leptolyngbya foveolarum (Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Phormidium foveolarum Gomont

-

+

-

-

12, 20, 27

35

Leptolyngbya fragilis (Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Phormidium fragile Gomont

-

+

+

-

10, 12

36

Leptolyngbya mucosa (N.L.Gardner) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Phormidium mucosum N.L.Gardner

-

+

+

-

10, 20

37

Leptolyngbya nostocorum (Bornet ex Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Plectonema nostocorum Bornet ex Gomont

-

+

-

-

20

38

Leptolyngbya perelegans (Lemmermann) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Lyngbya perelegans Lemmermann

+

+

-

-

6

39

Leptolyngbya polysiphoniae (Frémy) Anagnostidis

*Lyngbya polysiphoniae Frémy

-

-

+

-

2

40

Leptolyngbya purpurascens (Gomont ex Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Phormidium purpurascens Gomont ex Gomont

-

-

+

-

7

41

Leptolyngbya scottii (F.E.Fritsch) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Lyngbya scottii Fritsch

-

+

-

-

20

42

Leptolyngbya truncata (Lemmermann) Anagnostidis & Komarek

+

-

-

-

16

43

Leptolyngbya valderiana (Gomont) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Phormidium valderianum Gomont

-

+

-

-

7, 18, 20

44

Phormidesmis molle (Gomont) Turicchia, Ventura, Komárková & Komárek

*Phormidium molle Gomont

+

+

-

-

12, 20, 22

 

Family Trichocoleusaceae

 

 

 

 

 

45

Trichocoleus delicatulus (West & G.S.West) Anagnostidis

+

+

-

-

16

46

Trichocoleus hospitus Hansgirg

-

-

+

-

16

47

Trichocoleus sociatus (West & G.S.West) Anagnostidis

*Microcoleus sociatus West & G.S.West

+

+

-

-

10, 11

 

Family Oculatellaceae

 

 

 

 

 

48

Drouetiella lurida (Gomont) Mai, J.R.Johansen & Pietrasiak

*Phormidium luridum Gomont

-

-

+

-

7

 

Family Synechococcales familia incertae sedis

 

 

 

 

 

49

Dasygloea amorpha Berkeley ex Gomont

+

-

-

-

16

50

Heteroleibleinia gardneri (Geitler) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Lyngbya gardneri Geitler

+

+

-

-

6

51

Heteroleibleinia kuetzingii (Schmidle) Compère

*Lyngbya kuetzingii Schmidle

+

-

-

-

10

52

Heteroleibleinia lachneri (W.Zimmermann) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Lyngbya lachneri (W.Zimmermann) Geitler

-

-

+

+

10, 12

53

Heteroleibleinia mesotricha (Skuja) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Lyngbya mesotricha Skuja

-

+

-

-

20

54

Jaaginema angustissimum (West & G.S.West) Anagnostidis & Komárek

-

+

-

-

16

55

Jaaginema borodinii (Woronichin) Anagnostidis & Komárek

-

+

-

-

16

56

Jaaginema subtilissimum (Kützing ex Forti) Anagnostidis & Komárek

*Oscillatoria subtilissima Kützing ex Forti

+

+

-

-

11, 16

57

Schizothrix arenaria Gomont

-

+

-

-

16

58

Schizothrix heufleri Grunow ex Gomont

-

+

-

-

16

59

Schizothrix lateritia Gomont

-

-

+

-

7

60

Schizothrix mexicana Gomont

+

-

-

-

1

 

Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae

 

 

 

 

 

Order Spirulinales

 

 

 

 

 

Family Spirulinaceae

 

 

 

 

 

61

Spirulina labyrinthiformis Gomont

-

+

-

-

12, 16

62

Spirulina major Kützing ex Gomont

+

-

-

-

16

63

Spirulina meneghiniana Zanardini ex Gomont

+

-

-

-

16

64

Spirulina platensis var. tenuis C.B.Rao

*Arthrospira platensis tenuis (C.B.Rao) Desikachary

+

-

-

-

11

65

Spirulina princeps West & G.S.West

+

+

-

-

7, 12, 20

66

Spirulina subsalsa Oersted ex Gomont

+

+

-

-

11, 16

67

Spirulina subtilissima Kützing ex Gomont

-

+

-

-

11

68

Spirulina tenerrima Kützing ex Gomont

-

+

-

-

16

 

Order Chroococcales

 

 

 

 

 

Family Microcystaceae

 

 

 

 

 

69

Gloeocapsa aeruginosa Kützing

-

+

+

-

7, 12

70

Gloeocapsa calcarea Tilden

-

-

+

-

16

71

Gloeocapsa cordae Guiry

*Gloeocapsa violacea (Corda) Rabenhorst

-

-

+

-

11

72

Gloeocapsa decorticans (A.Braun) P.Richter

-

+

-

-

16

73

Gloeocapsa kuetzingiana Nägeli ex Kützing

-

-

+

-

10

74

Gloeocapsa livida (Carmichael) Kützing

+

+

-

-

16

75

Gloeocapsa nigrescens Nägeli

+

-

-

-

11

76

Gloeocapsa pleurocapsoides Novácek

-

-

+

-

7

77

Gloeocapsa punctata Nägeli

-

+

-

-

16

78

Gloeocapsa quaternata Kützing

-

-

-

+

10

79

Gloeocapsa sanguinea (C.Agardh) Kützing

-

-

-

+

10

80

Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Kützing

+

+

-

-

6, 11, 12, 16, 30

81

Microcystis elongata Desikachary

+

-

-

-

12

82

Microcystis flosaquae (Wittrock) Kirchner

+

-

-

-

7, 11, 16

83

Microcystis marginata (Meneghini) Kützing

+

-

-

-

12

84

Microcystis protocystis W.B. Crow

+

-

-

-

12

85

Microcystis pulvera (H.C.Wood) Forti

+

-

-

-

12, 16

86

Microcystis pulverea f. irregularis (J.B.Petersen) Elenkin

*Aphanocapsa lachista var. irregularis J.B.Petersen

+

-

-

-

16

87

Microcystis scripta (P.Richter) Lemmermann

+

-

-

-

16

88

Microcystis smithii Komárek & Anagnostidis

*Aphanocapsa pulchra (Kützing) Rabenhorst

+

+

-

-

11, 12

89

Microcystis viridis (A.Braun) Lemmermann

+

-

-

-

16

90

Microcystis wesenbergii (Komárek) Komárek ex Komárek

+

-

-

-

16

 

Family Aphanothecaceae

 

 

 

 

 

91

Aphanothece microscopica Nägeli

+

+

-

-

6, 12, 16

92

Aphanothece naegelii Wartmann

-

+

-

-

11, 16

93

Aphanothece nidulans P.Richter

+

-

-

-

16

94

Aphanothece pallida (Kützing) Rabenhorst

+

+

-

-

11

95

Aphanothece saxicola Nägeli

+

+

-

-

16

96

Aphanothece stagnina (Sprengel) A.Braun

-

+

-

+

7, 11

97

Gloeothece membranacea (Rabenhorst) Bornet

-

+

-

-

12

98

Gloeothece rupestris (Lyngbye) Bornet

-

+

-

-

6, 12

99

Gloeothece samoensis Wille

-

+

-

-

7

 

Family Cyanobacteriaceae

 

 

 

 

 

100

Cyanobacterium cedrorum (Sauvageau) Komárek, J. Kopecký & Cepák

*Synechococcus cedrorum Sauvageau

+

+

-

-

10, 12

 

Family Cyanothrichaceae

 

 

 

 

 

101

Johannesbaptistia pellucida (Dickie) W.R.Taylor & Drouet

+

-

-

-

16

 

Family Gomphosphaeriaceae

 

 

 

 

 

102

Gomphosphaeria natans Komárek & Hindák

+

-

-

-

16

 

Family Chroococcaceae

 

 

 

 

 

103

Asterocapsa nidulans (N.L.Gardner) Komárek & Komárková-Legnerová

*Anacystis nidulans N.L.Gardner

+

-

-

-

15

104

Chroococcus indicus Zeller

-

+

-

-

20

105

Chroococcus minimus (Keissler) Lemmermann

+

-

-

-

7

106

Chroococcus minor  (Kützing) Nägeli

+

+

+

-

10, 11, 12, 16

107

Chroococcus minutus (Kützing) Nägeli

+

+

+

-

7, 11, 16

108

Chroococcus pallidus Nägeli

-

+

-

-

11

109

Chroococcus subnudus (Hansgirg) G.Cronberg & J.Komárek

+

-

-

-

16

110

Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli

-

+

-

-

12

111

Chroococcus varius A.Braun

+

-

-

-

16

112

Cyanosarcina burmensis (Skuja) Kovácik

-

-

+

-

16

113

Cyanosarcina spectabilis (Geitler) Kovácik

*Myxosarcina spectabilis Geitler

-

-

-

+

10

114

Gloeocapsopsis cyanea (Krieger) Komárek & Anagnostidis

-

+

-

-

16

115

Pseudocapsa dubia Ercegovic

+

+

-

-

16

116

Dactylococcopsis rhaphidioides Hansgirg 

+

-

-

-

7

 

Family Entophysalidaceae

 

 

 

 

 

117

Chlorogloea microcystoides Geitler

-

-

+

-

16

 

Order Pleurocapsales

 

 

 

 

 

Family Dermocarpellaceae

 

 

 

 

 

118

Stanieria sphaerica (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) Anagnostidis & Pantazidou

*Dermocarpa sphaerica Setchell & N.L.Gardner

+

-

-

-

7

 

Order Oscillatoriales

 

 

 

 

 

Family Coleofasciculaceae

 

 

 

 

 

119

Anagnostidinema acutissimum (Kufferath) Strunecký, Bohunická, J.R.Johansen & J.Komárek

*Geitlerinema acutissimum (Kufferath) Anagnostidis

-

+

-

-

31

120

Anagnostidinema exile (Skuja) Strunecky

*Geitlerinema exile (Skuja) Anagnostidis

-

+

-

-

16

121

Anagnostidinema ionicum (Skuja) Strunecky

*Geitlerinema ionicum (Skuja) Anagnostidis

+

-

-

-

16

122

Anagnostidinema lemmermannii (Woloszynska) Strunecky

*Geitlerinema lemmermanni (Woloszynska) Anagnostidis

+

-

-

-

16

123

Coleofasciculus chthonoplastes (Thuret ex Gomont) M.Siegesmund, J.R.Johansen & T.Friedl in Siegesmund

*Microcoleus chthonoplastes Thuret ex Gomont

-

+

-

-

2, 7, 16

124

Geitlerinema bigranulatum (C.B.Rao) Anagnostidis

*Oscillatoria claricentrosa f. bigranulata C.B.Rao

-

-

+

-

6

125

Geitlerinema crassum (Woronichin) Anagnostidis

*Oscillatoria deflexa crassa (Woronichin) Elenkin & Poljansky

+

+

-

-

2, 11

 

Family Microcoleaceae

 

 

 

 

 

126

Arthrospira gigantea (Schmidle) Anagnostidis

*Spirulina gigantean Schmidle

+

+

-

-

10, 11

127

Arthrospira jenneri Stizenberger ex Gomont

+

+

-

-

11

128

Arthrospira khannae Drouet & Strickland

+

-

-

-

7

129

Arthrospira massartii var. indica Desikachary